University of Oulu

Bruelheide H. et al. Global trait–environment relationships of plant communities. Nature Ecology & Evolutionvolume 2, pages1906–1917 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-018-0699-8

Global trait : environment relationships of plant communities

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Author: Bruelheide, Helge1,2; Dengler, Juergen2,3,4; Purschke, Oliver1,2;
Lenoir, Jonathan5; Jimenez-Alfaro, Borja1,2,6; Hennekens, Stephan M.7; Botta-Dukat, Zoltan8; Chytry, Milan9; Field, Richard10; Jansen, Florian11; Kattge, Jens2,12; Pillar, Valerio D.13; Schrodt, Franziska10,12; Mahecha, Miguel D.2,12; Peet, Robert K.14; Sandel, Brody15; van Bodegom, Peter16; Altman, Jan17; Alvarez-Davila, Esteban18; Khan, Mohammed A. S. Arfin19,20; Attorre, Fabio21; Aubin, Isabelle22; Baraloto, Christopher23; Barroso, Jorcely G.24; Bauters, Marijn25,26; Bergmeier, Erwin27; Biurrun, Idoia28; Bjorkman, Anne D.29,30; Blonder, Benjamin31,32; Carni, Andraz33,34; Cayuela, Luis35; Cerny, Tomas36; Cornelissen, J. Hans C.37; Craven, Dylan2,38; Dainese, Matteo39; Derroire, Geraldine40; De Sanctis, Michele21; Diaz, Sandra41,42; Dolezal, Jiri17; Farfan-Rios, William43,44; Feldpausch, Ted R.45; Fenton, Nicole J.46; Garnier, Eric47; Guerin, Greg R.48; Gutierrez, Alvaro G.49; Haider, Sylvia1,2; Hattab, Tarek50; Henry, Greg51; Herault, Bruno52,53; Higuchi, Pedro54; Hoelzel, Norbert55; Homeier, Juergen56; Jentsch, Anke20; Juergens, Norbert57,58; Kacki, Zygmunt59; Karger, Dirk N.60,61; Kessler, Michael60; Kleyer, Michael62; Knollova, Ilona9; Korolyuk, Andrey Y.63; Kuehn, Ingolf1,2,38; Laughlin, Daniel C.64,65; Lens, Frederic66; Loos, Jacqueline67; Louault, Frederique68; Lyubenova, Mariyana, I69; Malhi, Yadvinder70; Marceno, Corrado28; Mencuccini, Maurizio71,72; Mueller, Jonas, V73; Munzinger, Jerome74; Myers-Smith, Isla H.75; Neill, David A.76; Niinemets, Ulo77; Orwin, Kate H.78; Ozinga, Wim A.7,79; Penuelas, Josep72,77,80; Perez-Haase, Aaron81,82; Petrik, Petr17; Phillips, Oliver L.83; Partel, Meelis84; Reich, Peter B.85,86; Roemermann, Christine2,87; Rodrigues, Arthur, V88; Sabatini, Francesco Maria1,2; Sardans, Jordi72,80; Schmidt, Marco89; Seidler, Gunnar1; Silva Espejo, Javier Eduardo90; Silveira, Marcos91; Smyth, Anita48; Sporbert, Maria1,2; Svenning, Jens-Christian29,30; Tang, Zhiyao92; Thomas, Raquel93; Tsiripidis, Ioannis94; Vassilev, Kiril95; Violle, Cyrille47; Virtanen, Risto2,96,97; Weiher, Evan98; Welk, Erik1,2; Wesche, Karsten2,99,100; Winter, Marten2; Wirth, Christian2,12,101; Jandt, Ute1,2
Organizations: 1Martin Luther Univ Halle Wittenberg, Inst Biol Geobot & Bot Garden, Halle, Germany.
2German Ctr Integrat Biodivers Res iDiv, Leipzig, Germany.
3Zurich Univ Appl Sci, Inst Nat Resource Sci, Res Grp Vegetat Ecol, Wadenswil, Switzerland.
4Univ Bayreuth, Bayreuth Ctr Ecol & Environm Res, Plant Ecol, Bayreuth, Germany.
5UPJV, CNRS, UR Ecol & Dynam Syst Anthropises EDYSAN, UMR 7058, Amiens, France.
6UO, Res Unit Biodivers, CSIC, PA, Campus Mieres, Mieres, Spain.
7Wageningen Environm Res Alterra, Team Vegetat Forest & Landscape Ecol, Wageningen, Netherlands.
8MTA Ctr Ecol Res, GINOP Sustainable Ecosyst Grp, Tihany, Hungary.
9Masaryk Univ, Dept Bot & Zool, Brno, Czech Republic.
10Univ Nottingham, Sch Geog, Univ Pk, Nottingham, England.
11Univ Rostock, Fac Agr & Environm Sci, Rostock, Germany.
12Max Planck Inst Biogeochem, Jena, Germany.
13Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul, Dept Ecol, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.
14Univ N Carolina, Dept Biol, Chapel Hill, NC 27515 USA.
15Santa Clara Univ, Dept Biol, Santa Clara, CA 95053 USA.
16Leiden Univ, Inst Environm Sci, Dept Conservat Biol, Leiden, Netherlands.
17Czech Acad Sci, Inst Bot, Pruhonice, Czech Republic.
18UNAD, Sede Jose Celestino Mutis, Escuela Ciencias Agr & Ambientales ECAPMA, Bogota, Colombia.
19Shahjalal Univ Sci & Technol, Dept Forestry & Environm Sci, Sylhet, Bangladesh.
20Univ Bayreuth, Bayreuth Ctr Ecol & Environm Res, Dept Disturbance Ecol, Bayreuth, Germany.
21Sapienza Univ Rome, Dept Environm Biol, Rome, Italy.
22Nat Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Serv, Great Lakes Forestry Ctr, Sault Ste Marie, ON, Canada.
23Florida Int Univ, Dept Biol Sci, Int Ctr Trop Bot, Miami, FL 33199 USA.
24Univ Fed Acre, Campus Cruzeiro do Su, Acre, Brazil.
25Univ Ghent, Dept Green Chem & Technol ISOFYS, Fac Biosci Engn, Ghent, Belgium.
26Univ Ghent, Fac Biosci Engn, Dept Environm, CAVELab, Ghent, Belgium.
27Univ Gottingen, Albrecht von Haller Inst Plant Sci, Vegetat Anal & Plant Divers, Gottingen, Germany.
28Univ Basque Country, UPV EHU, Bilbao, Spain.
29Univ Ghent, Fac Biosci Engn, Biodivers Dynam Changing World BIOCHANGE, Ghent, Belgium.
30Aarhus Univ, Dept Biosci, Sect Ecoinformat & Biodivers, Aarhus, Denmark.
31Univ Oxford, Sch Geog & Environm, Environm Change Inst, Oxford, England.
32Rocky Mt Biol Labs, Crested Butte, CO USA.
33Slovenian Acad Sci & Arts, Inst Biol, Sci Res Ctr, Ljubljana, Slovenia.
34Univ Nova Gorica, Nova Gorica, Slovenia.
35Univ Rey Juan Carlos, Dept Biol Geol Phys & Inorgan Chem, Madrid, Spain.
36Czech Univ Life Sci, Fac Forestry & Wood Sci, Dept Forest Ecol, Prague, Czech Republic.
37Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Fac Sci, Dept Ecol Sci, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
38UFZ Helmholtz Ctr Environm Res, Dept Community Ecol, Halle, Germany.
39Univ Wurzburg, Dept Anim Ecol & Trop Biol, Wurzburg, Germany.
40UMR EcoFoG, Cirad, Campus Agron, Kourou, French Guiana.
41Univ Nacl Cordoba, Inst Multidisciplinario Biol Vegetal, CONICET, Cordoba, Argentina.
42Univ Nacl Cordoba, FCEFyN, Cordoba, Argentina.
43Wake Forest Univ, Dept Biol, Winston Salem, NC 27109 USA.
44Univ Nacl San Antonio Abad del Cusco, Herbario Vargas CUZ, Cuzco, Peru.
45Univ Exeter, Coll Life & Environm Sci, Geog, Exeter, Devon, England.
46Univ Quebec Abitibi Temiscamingue, Inst Rech Forets, Rouyn Noranda, PQ, Canada.
47Univ Montpellier, Univ Paul Valery Montpellier, Ctr Ecol Fonct & Evolut UMR5175, EPHE,CNRS, Montpellier, France.
48Univ Adelaide, Sch Biol Sci, Terr Ecosyst Res Network, Adelaide, SA, Australia.
49Univ Chile, Fac Ciencias Agron, Dept Ciencias Ambientales & Recursos Nat Renovabl, Santiago, Chile.
50CNRS, UMR MARBEC 248, Inst Francais Rech Exploitat MER, IFREMER IRD, Sete, France.
51Univ British Columbia, Dept Geog, Vancouver, BC, Canada.
52Inst Natl Polytech Felix Houphouet Boigny, Yamoussoukro, Cote Ivoire.
53Univ Montpellier, Cirad, UR Forests & Soc, Montpellier, France.
54Univ Estado Santa Catarina, Dept Engn Florestal, Lages, Brazil.
55Univ Munster, Inst Landscape Ecol, Munster, Germany.
56Univ Gottingen, Plant Ecol & Ecosyst Res, Gottingen, Germany.
57Univ Hamburg, Bioctr Klein Flottbek, Biodivers, Hamburg, Germany.
58Univ Hamburg, Bot Garden, Hamburg, Germany.
59Univ Wroclaw, Inst Environm Biol, Dept Vegetat Ecol, Wroclaw, Poland.
60Univ Zurich, Dept Systemat & Evolutionary Bot, Zurich, Switzerland.
61Swiss Fed Res Inst WSL, Birmensdorf, Switzerland.
62Carl von Ossietzky Univ Oldenburg, Inst Biol & Environm Sci, Landscape Ecol Grp, Oldenburg, Germany.
63SB RAS, Cent Siberian Bot Garden, Novosibirsk, Russia.
64Univ Waikato, Sch Sci, Environm Res Inst, Hamilton, New Zealand.
65Univ Wyoming, Dept Bot, Laramie, WY 82071 USA.
66Leiden Univ, Nat Biodivers Ctr, Leiden, Netherlands.
67Univ Gottingen, Agroecol, Gottingen, Germany.
68INRA, VetAgro Sup, UREP, UCA, Clermont Ferrand, France.
69Univ Sofia, Fac Biol, Dept Ecol & Environm Protect, Sofia, Bulgaria.
70Univ Oxford, Sch Geog & Environm, Environm Change Inst, Barcelona, Spain.
71ICREA, Barcelona, Spain.
72CREAF, Barcelona, Spain.
73Millennium Seed Bank, Conservat Sci, Royal Bot Gardens Kew, Ardingly, England.
74Univ Montpellier, INRA, CNRS, CIRAD,IRD,AMAP, Montpellier, France.
75Univ Edinburgh, Sch GeoSci, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.
76Univ Estatal Amazonica, Conservac & Manejo de Vida Silvestre, Puyo, Ecuador.
77Estonian Univ Life Sci, Dept Crop Sci & Plant Biol, Tartu, Estonia.
78Landcare Res, Lincoln, New Zealand.
79Radboud Univ Nijmegen, Inst Water & Wetland Res, Nijmegen, Netherlands.
80UAB, Global Ecol Unit, CSIC, CREAF,CEAB, Cerdanyola Del Valles, Spain.
81Univ Barcelona, Fac Biol Ecol & Environm Sci, Dept Evolutionary Biol, Barcelona, Spain.
82CSIC, Spanish Res Council, CEAB, Ctr Adv Studies Blanes, Blanes, Spain.
83Univ Leeds, Sch Geog, Leeds, W Yorkshire, England.
84Univ Tartu, Tartu, Estonia.
85Univ Minnesota, Dept Forest Resources, St Paul, MN USA.
86Western Sydney Univ, Hawkesbury Inst Environm, Sydney, NSW, Australia.
87Friedrich Schiller Univ Jena, Inst Ecol & Evolut, Jena, Germany.
88Univ Reg Blumenau, Dept Engn Florestal, Blumenau, Brazil.
89Senckenberg Biodivers & Climate Res Ctr BiK F, Data & Modelling Ctr, Frankfurt, Germany.
90Univ La Serena, Dept Biol, La Serena, Chile.
91Univ Fed Acre, Museu Univ, Ctr Ciencias Biol & Nat, Lab Bot & Ecol Vegetal, Rio Branco, Brazil.
92Peking Univ, Coll Urban & Environm Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China.
93Iwokrama Int Ctr Rain Forest Conservat & Dev, Georgetown, Guyana.
94Aristotle Univ Thessaloniki, Sch Biol, Dept Bot, Thessaloniki, Greece.
95Bulgarian Acad Sci, Inst Biodivers & Ecosyst Res, Sofia, Bulgaria.
96UFZ Helmholtz Ctr Environm Res, Dept Physiol Divers, Leipzig, Germany.
97Univ Oulu, Dept Ecol & Genet, Oulu, Finland.
98Univ Wisconsin, Dept Biol, Eau Claire, WI 54701 USA.
99Senckenberg Museum Nat Hist Gorlitz, Gorlitz, Germany.
100Tech Univ Dresden, Int Inst IHI Zittau, Zittau, Germany.
101Univ Leipzig, Systemat Bot & Funct Biodivers, Leipzig, Germany.
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: embargoed
Persistent link: http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2019040210871
Language: English
Published: Springer Nature, 2018
Publish Date: 2019-05-19
Description:

Abstract

Plant functional traits directly affect ecosystem functions. At the species level, trait combinations depend on trade-offs representing different ecological strategies, but at the community level trait combinations are expected to be decoupled from these trade-offs because different strategies can facilitate co-existence within communities. A key question is to what extent community-level trait composition is globally filtered and how well it is related to global versus local environmental drivers. Here, we perform a global, plot-level analysis of trait–environment relationships, using a database with more than 1.1 million vegetation plots and 26,632 plant species with trait information. Although we found a strong filtering of 17 functional traits, similar climate and soil conditions support communities differing greatly in mean trait values. The two main community trait axes that capture half of the global trait variation (plant stature and resource acquisitiveness) reflect the trade-offs at the species level but are weakly associated with climate and soil conditions at the global scale. Similarly, within-plot trait variation does not vary systematically with macro-environment. Our results indicate that, at fine spatial grain, macro-environmental drivers are much less important for functional trait composition than has been assumed from floristic analyses restricted to co-occurrence in large grid cells. Instead, trait combinations seem to be predominantly filtered by local-scale factors such as disturbance, fine-scale soil conditions, niche partitioning and biotic interactions.

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Series: Nature ecology & evolution
ISSN: 2397-334X
ISSN-E: 2397-334X
ISSN-L: 2397-334X
Volume: 2
Issue: 12
Pages: 1906 - 1917
DOI: 10.1038/s41559-018-0699-8
OADOI: https://oadoi.org/10.1038/s41559-018-0699-8
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
Subjects:
Funding: The sPlot was initiated by sDiv, the Synthesis Centre of the German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) Halle-Jena-Leipzig, funded by the German Research Foundation (FZT 118) and is now a platform of iDiv. H.B., J.De., O.Pu, U.J., B.J.-A., J.K., D.C., F.M.S., M.W. and C.W. appreciate the direct funding through iDiv.
Copyright information: © The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Limited 2018. This is a post-peer-review, pre-copyedit version of an article published in Nature Ecology & Evolution. The final authenticated version is available online at: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-018-0699-8.