Hämälä, T, Mattila, TM, Leinonen, PH, Kuittinen, H, Savolainen, O. Role of seed germination in adaptation and reproductive isolation in Arabidopsis lyrata. Mol Ecol. 2017; 26: 3484– 3496. https://doi.org/10.1111/mec.14135
Role of seed germination in adaptation and reproductive isolation in Arabidopsis lyrata
|Author:||Hämälä, Tuomas1,2; Mattila, Tiina M.1; Leinonen, Päivi H.1;|
1Department of Ecology and Genetics, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
2Biocenter Oulu, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
|Online Access:||PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.5 MB)|
|Persistent link:|| http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2019040411075
John Wiley & Sons,
|Publish Date:|| 2019-04-04
Seed germination is an important developmental and life history stage. Yet, the evolutionary impact of germination has mainly been studied in the context of dormancy, or for its role in reproductive isolation between species. Here, we aim to examine multiple consequences of genetic divergence on germination traits between two Arabidopsis lyrata subspecies: ssp. petraea (Eurasia) and ssp. lyrata (North America). Postdormancy germination time, a potentially adaptive trait, showed differentiation between the populations, and quantitative trait loci (QTL) mapping revealed that the trait variation is mainly controlled by two antagonistic loci. These QTL areas contain several candidate genes with known function in postdormancy germination in A. thaliana. The sequence variation of three genes was consistent with differential selection, and they also included fixed nonsynonymous substitutions with potential to account for the phenotypic differentiation. We further show that the divergence between the subspecies has led to a slight but significant reduction in hybrid germination proportions, indicating incipient reproductive isolation. Comparison of reciprocal F1 and F2 progenies suggests that Bateson–Dobzhansky–Muller incompatibilities likely act through uniparentally inherited factors. Examination of genomewide transmission ratio distortion further revealed that cytonuclear interactions cause substantial pregermination inviability in the hybrids. These results confirm that seed germination has adaptive potential beyond the dormancy stage and that hybrid seed inviability can be one of the first reproductive barriers to arise during divergence.
|Pages:||3484 - 3496|
|Type of Publication:||
A1 Journal article – refereed
|Field of Science:||
1184 Genetics, developmental biology, physiology
1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
This work was supported by Biocenter Oulu and Academy of Finland's Research Council for Biosciences and Environment (grant numbers: 136804 and 132611).
|Academy of Finland Grant Number:||
136804 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
132611 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
© 2017 John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Hämälä, T, Mattila, TM, Leinonen, PH, Kuittinen, H, Savolainen, O. Role of seed germination in adaptation and reproductive isolation in Arabidopsis lyrata. Mol Ecol. 2017; 26: 3484– 3496, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/mec.14135. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.