Temporal trends of contaminants in Arctic human populations
|Author:||Abass, Khaled1,2; Emelyanova, Anastasia3; Rautio, Arja1,3|
1Arctic Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 5000, FI-90014 Oulu, Finland
2Department of Pesticides, Menoufia University, P.O. Box 32511, Menoufia, Egypt
3Thule Institute & University of Arctic, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
|Online Access:||PDF Full Text (PDF, 2.2 MB)|
|Persistent link:|| http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2019041512270
|Publish Date:|| 2019-08-25
The first Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP) report was published in 1998 and followed by three assessment reports of human health (AMAP 2003, 2009 and 2015). The focus area of the AMAP reports was to monitor levels of environmental contaminants in the Arctic and to assess the health effects connected with detected levels in Arctic countries. This review gives an overview of temporal trends of contaminants and their health effects in humans of the Arctic based on data published by AMAP, as well as Russian scientific literature. Several time series of 31 contaminants in humans of the Arctic from different cohorts are reported. The lengths of time series and periods covered differ from each other. International restrictions have decreased the levels of most persistent organic pollutants in humans and food webs. Percentage changes for contaminants in human biological matrices (blood samples from children, mothers and males and breast milk samples) for the period of sampling showed declining trends in most of the monitored Arctic locations, with the exception of oxychlordane, hexachlorobenzene (HCB), 2,2′,4,4′,5,5′-hexabromodiphenyl ether (PBDE153) and perfluorinated compounds (PFCs).
Environmental science and pollution research
|Pages:||28834 - 28850|
|Type of Publication:||
A2 Review article in a scientific journal
|Field of Science:||
3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
1172 Environmental sciences
This work was funded by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 under grant agreement number 773421-Nunataryuk (Permafrost thaw and the changing Arctic coast, science for socioeconomic adaptation) and by One Arctic–One Health: Animal and human health in the changing climate project funded by Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Finland (Grant Agreement No. HEL7M0674-65).
|EU Grant Number:||
(773421) Nunataryuk - Permafrost thaw and the changing arctic coast: science for socio-economic adaptation
© The Author(s) 2018, corrected publication May/2019. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits use, duplication, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license and indicate if changes were made.