University of Oulu

Hannula, J., Porter, D.A., Kaijalainen, A. et al. JOM (2019) 71: 2405.

Evaluation of mechanical properties and microstructures of molybdenum and niobium microalloyed thermomechanically rolled high-strength press hardening steel

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Author: Hannula, Jaakko1; Porter, David A.1; Kaijalainen, Antti1;
Organizations: 1Materials and Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Technology, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 3.3 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Springer Nature, 2019
Publish Date: 2019-05-08


This article studied the effect of molybdenum and niobium on the microstructures and mechanical properties of laboratory control rolled steels based on grade 22MnB5. The constructed continuous cooling transformation diagrams revealed that an addition of Mo significantly increased the hardenability. Especially in the case of austenite compressed below its recrystallization temperature, an Mo addition delayed ferrite and bainite formation, and it increased martensite hardness. Laboratory hot-rolling experiments with a finish rolling temperature of 850°C produced a flattened pancaked austenite. After hot rolling and direct quenching, samples were rapidly re-austenitized at 900°C followed by water quenching to simulate an actual press hardening process. Especially in the case of Nb-Mo steel, a strongly pancaked austenitic structure was achieved after hot rolling, which led to a fine, uniform prior austenite grain structure after re-austenitization and quenching. The Nb-Mo steel had a tensile strength >1500 MPa and ~ 11% total elongation combined with good impact toughness, which can be considered excellent for this type of press hardening steel.

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Series: JOM
ISSN: 1047-4838
ISSN-E: 1543-1851
ISSN-L: 1047-4838
Volume: 71
Issue: 7
Pages: 2405 - 2412
DOI: 10.1007/s11837-019-03478-9
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 216 Materials engineering
Funding: Open access funding provided by University of Oulu including Oulu University Hospital. The financial support of the SSAB Europe Oy is gratefully acknowledged.
Copyright information: © The Author(s) 2019. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.