University of Oulu

H. Eskandari Sabzi, A. Zarei-Hanzaki, A. Kaijalainen, A. Kisko, The valuation of microstructural evolution in a thermo-mechanically processed transformation-twinning induced plasticity steel during strain hardening, Materials Science and Engineering: A, Volume 754, 2019, Pages 799-810, ISSN 0921-5093,

The valuation of microstructural evolution in a thermo-mechanically processed transformation-twinning induced plasticity steel during strain hardening

Saved in:
Author: Sabzi, H. Eskandari1; Zarei-Hanzaki, A.1; Kaijalainen, A.2;
Organizations: 1Hot Deformation & Thermomechanical Processing of High Performance Engineering Materials Lab, School of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
2Materials and Production Engineering, Centre for Advanced Steels Research, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 3.3 MB)
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Elsevier, 2019
Publish Date: 2020-09-24


The successive evolution of martensitic transformation, twining and dislocation substructure formation in a transformation-twinning induced plasticity steel during room temperature straining was studied in the present work. This was materialized through microstructural observations and micro-texture examinations utilizing the electron backscattered diffraction method. To evaluate the strain hardening behaviour of the thermomechanically processed steel, tensile testing procedure to different strains at ambient temperature was practiced. The results indicated that the dislocation slip, mechanical twinning, and deformation induced ɛ/α’-martensite formation were involved as the deformation mechanisms. At the early stages of deformation, the dynamic formation of dislocation substructure, strain induced ɛ-martensite and twins from austenite played the main role in the observed work hardening behaviour. Furthermore, the results demonstrated that the formation of α’-martensite was the dominant deformation mechanism at higher deformation levels. The corresponding texture analysis indicated to a double fibre texture formation, with a relatively stronger <111> at lower strains and a stronger <100> partial fibre parallel to tensile axis at higher strains. However, in the latter, the Cube, A and Goss Twin (GT)-type textures were dominated. Decreasing of the Goss and S components were attributed to the preferential transformation of austenite to α’- and ɛ-martensites, respectively. The presence of GT component even at higher strains approved the participation of deformation induced twinning as a dominant deformation mechanism up to failure.

see all

Series: Materials science & engineering. A, Structural materials: properties, microstructure and processing
ISSN: 0921-5093
ISSN-E: 1873-4936
ISSN-L: 0921-5093
Volume: 754
Pages: 799 - 810
DOI: 10.1016/j.msea.2018.09.068
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 216 Materials engineering
Copyright information: © 2018. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license