University of Oulu

Karvonen H., Pomalaza-Ráez C., Mikhaylov K., Hämäläinen M., Iinatti J. (2019) Experimental Performance Evaluation of BLE 4 Versus BLE 5 in Indoors and Outdoors Scenarios. In: Fortino G., Wang Z. (eds) Advances in Body Area Networks I. Internet of Things (Technology, Communications and Computing). Springer, Cham

Experimental performance evaluation of BLE 4 versus BLE 5 in indoors and outdoors scenarios

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Author: Karvonen, Heikki1; Pomalaza-Ráez, Carlos2; Mikhaylov, Konstantin1;
Organizations: 1Centre for Wireless Communications, University of Oulu, Finland
2Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Purdue University Fort Wayne, Indiana, USA
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 1 MB)
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Springer Nature, 2019
Publish Date: 2019-05-28


This paper focus on an experimental performance evaluation of the recently published Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) 5 technology. Measurements have been conducted both in indoors and outdoors scenarios. Performance of BLE 5 is compared to a previous release of BLE 4 which is currently the most used technology in commercial wireless healthcare and medical devices. This new improved BLE version may continue fostering the success of BLE use in those application scenarios as well as enable novel Internet of Things solutions. The main goal of this work was to evaluate, experimentally, the communications range and throughput performance of BLE 5 coded version which claims to provide fourfold improvement to the previous version of BLE. Measurement results obtained using the Nordic Semiconductor nRF52840 chipset are reported for indoor and outdoor cases relevant to healthcare and medical scenarios. Results show the practical communications range and throughput of the BLE 5 coded version, giving insight about the possible application space improvements for BLE technology. Specifically, our measurements showed that BLE 5 coded mode provides approximately 9 dB radio link budget gain compared to BLE 4, which leads to more than twofold communications range improvement in line-of-sight outdoor scenario and 10–20% improvement in non-line-of-sight indoor scenario.

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Series: Internet of things
ISSN: 2199-1073
ISSN-E: 2199-1081
ISSN-L: 2199-1073
ISBN: 978-3-030-02819-0
ISBN Print: 978-3-030-02818-3
Pages: 235 - 251
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-02819-0_18
Host publication: Advances in Body Area Networks I: Post-Conference Proceedings of BodyNets 2017
Host publication editor: Fortino, Giancarlo
Wang, Zhelong
Type of Publication: A4 Article in conference proceedings
Field of Science: 213 Electronic, automation and communications engineering, electronics
Funding: This work has been partially funded by the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) through the WILLE project.
Copyright information: © Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019. This is a post-peer-review, pre-copyedit version of an article published in Advances in Body Area Networks. The final authenticated version is available online at: