University of Oulu

P. H. J. Nardelli et al., "Energy Internet via Packetized Management: Enabling Technologies and Deployment Challenges," in IEEE Access, vol. 7, pp. 16909-16924, 2019. doi: 10.1109/ACCESS.2019.2896281

Energy internet via packetized management : enabling technologies and deployment challenges

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Author: Nardelli, Pedro H. J.1,2; Alves, Hirley2; Pinomaa, Antti1;
Organizations: 1Laboratory of Control Engineering and Digital Systems, Lappeenranta University of Technology, FI-53850 Lappeenranta, Finland
2Centre for Wireless Communications, University of Oulu, FI-90014 Oulu, Finland
3Centre for Wireless Communications, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
4Laboratory of Control Engineering and Digital Systems, Lappeenranta University of Technology, Lappeenranta, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 19.3 MB)
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2019
Publish Date: 2019-05-29


This paper investigates the possibility of building the energy Internet via a packetized management of non-industrial loads. The proposed solution is based on the cyber-physical implementation of energy packets, where flexible loads send user requests to an energy server. Based on the existing literature, we explain how and why this approach could scale up to interconnected micro-grids, also pointing out the challenges involved in relation to the physical deployment of the electricity network. We then assess how machine-type wireless communications, as part of 5G and beyond systems, will achieve the low latency and ultra-reliability needed by the micro-grid protection while providing the massive coverage needed by the packetized management. This more distributed grid organization also requires localized governance models. We cite few existing examples as local markets, energy communities, and micro-operator that support such novel arrangements. We conclude this paper by providing an overview of ongoing activities that support the proposed vision and the possible ways to move forward.

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Series: IEEE access
ISSN: 2169-3536
ISSN-E: 2169-3536
ISSN-L: 2169-3536
Volume: 7
Pages: 16909 - 16924
DOI: 10.1109/ACCESS.2019.2896281
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 213 Electronic, automation and communications engineering, electronics
Funding: This work was supported in part by the Academy of Finland via ee-IoT under Grant ICT2023/n.319009, in part by the BCDC Energy under Grant SRC/n.292854, and in part by the 6Genesis Flagship under Grant n.318927.
Academy of Finland Grant Number: 318927
Detailed Information: 318927 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
292854 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
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