University of Oulu

Olli-Matti Kärnä, Jani Heino, Mira Grönroos, Jan Hjort, The added value of geodiversity indices in explaining variation of stream macroinvertebrate diversity, Ecological Indicators, Volume 94, Part 1, 2018, Pages 420-429, ISSN 1470-160X,

The added value of geodiversity indices in explaining variation of stream macroinvertebrate diversity

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Author: Kärnä, Olli-Matti1; Heino, Jani2; Grönroos, Mira3;
Organizations: 1Geography Research Unit, University of Oulu, P. O. Box 8000, Oulu, FI-90014, Finland
2Finnish Environment Institute, Biodiversity Centre, Paavo Havaksen Tie, FI-90530 Oulu, Finland
3Department of Environmental Sciences, Section of Environmental Ecology, University of Helsinki
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 1.1 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Elsevier, 2018
Publish Date: 2020-07-13


Geodiversity, i.e. the variety of the abiotic environment, is considered to be positively correlated to biodiversity. In streams, the importance of physical heterogeneity for biodiversity variation is well known, but the usefulness of explicitly measured geodiversity indices to account for biodiversity has not been tested. We developed a technique to measure in-stream geodiversity, based on different types of stream flow, geomorphological processes and landforms observed from photographs taken during the field work, and substrates based on traditional field observations. We further tested the utility of these geodiversity measures in explaining variation in the biodiversity of macroinvertebrates in near-pristine streams. Our specific objective was to examine the explanatory power of geodiversity compared to traditional environmental variables, such as water chemistry, depth and current velocity. While most biodiversity indices correlated more strongly with traditional environmental variables, the influence of geodiversity on biodiversity was also evident. Unique effect of flow richness on species richness and that of total geodiversity on functional richness were higher than those of the traditional environmental variables. Our findings suggested that in-stream geodiversity offers a valuable concept for characterizing stream habitats. If further developed and tested, in-stream geodiversity can be used as a cost-efficient proxy to explain variation in biodiversity in stream environments.

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Series: Ecological indicators
ISSN: 1470-160X
ISSN-E: 1872-7034
ISSN-L: 1470-160X
Volume: 94
Issue: 1
Pages: 420 - 429
DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2018.06.034
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 1172 Environmental sciences
1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
Funding: Funding was provided by grants from Academy of Finland (project number 285040).
Academy of Finland Grant Number: 285040
Detailed Information: 285040 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
Copyright information: © 2018. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license