University of Oulu

Li Yuan Chi, Zong-Xian Zhang, Arne Aalberg, Jun Yang, Charlie C. Li, Measurement of shock pressure and shock-wave attenuation near a blast hole in rock, International Journal of Impact Engineering, Volume 125, 2019, Pages 27-38, ISSN 0734-743X,

Measurement of shock pressure and shock-wave attenuation near a blast hole in rock

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Author: Chi, Li Yuan1,2; Zhang, Zong-Xian3; Aalberg, Arne1;
Organizations: 1Department of Arctic Technology, the University Centre in Svalbard (UNIS), Longyearbyen, Norway
2Department of Geoscience and Petroleum, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, Norway
3Oulu Mining School, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
4State Key Laboratory of Explosion Science and Technology, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing, China
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 1.9 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Elsevier, 2019
Publish Date: 2020-11-08


The objective of this study was to investigate granite responses to blasting. The focus was on the pressure and attenuation of shock waves in granite. Tests are reported on ten cylinders subjected to explosions from central pressed trinitrotoluene (TNT) charges with approximate density of 1.6 g/cm³. Three cylinders had dimensions Ø150 mm × 200 mm; seven, Ø240 mm × 300 mm. Specimens had concentric holes drilled from both ends: one 20-mm hole to position the explosive charge and one 50-mm hole to insert a granite plug equipped with Manganin gauges, which were applied to monitor the pressures of the shock waves. The configuration of the gauges was analyzed before testing to investigate how precisely they could measure shock waves in the granite. One or two gauges were used in each cylinder at distances of 7, 15, 22 or 35 mm from the explosive charge in the cylinder axis. At detonation of the charge, the measured peak pressure values ranged from 15.9–4.4 GPa depending on distance from the explosive, with pressure rise times of ∼0.5 μs. In one specimen, deflagration occurred, resulting in a low peak pressure of 1.35 GPa 11 mm from the explosive and a 16-μs pressure rise time. For specimens with two gauges, shock-wave velocities were found to depend strongly on the distance from the explosive. Fitting a curve to the experimental data, an exponential relation for the shock-wave peak pressure and its attenuation was obtained, expressing pressure (GPa) as a function of increasing distance (mm) from the explosive: p = 19.4exp(−0.04x). The findings, especially regarding the damping term, may for instance be useful for verification of numerical models for blasting simulation.

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Series: International journal of impact engineering
ISSN: 0734-743X
ISSN-E: 1879-3509
ISSN-L: 0734-743X
Volume: 125
Pages: 27 - 38
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijimpeng.2018.11.002
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 1171 Geosciences
Funding: This work is financed by the University Centre in Svalbard.
Copyright information: © 2018. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license