University of Oulu

L. Colle, I. Gabbatore, E. Riberi, E. Borroz, F.M. Bosco, R. Keller, Mindreading abilities and borderline personality disorder: A comprehensive assessment using the Theory of Mind Assessment Scale, Psychiatry Research, Volume 272, 2019, Pages 609-617, ISSN 0165-1781,

Mindreading abilities and borderline personality disorder : a comprehensive assessment using the Theory of Mind Assessment Scale

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Author: Colle, L.1,2; Gabbatore, I.1,3; Riberi, E.4;
Organizations: 1Department of Psychology, University of Turin, Italy
2Neuroscience Institute of Turin, Italy
3Child Language Research Center, University of Oulu, Finland
4Local Health Unit ASL City of Turin, Department of Mental Health, Turin, Italy
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 1 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Elsevier, 2019
Publish Date: 2019-12-19


Numerous studies have examined mindreading in borderline personality disorder (BPD). However, the empirical data obtained to date have not facilitated the development of a clear clinical profile of mindreading impairment in BPD due to a lack of consistency or incongruence across studies.

One possible explanation for these inconsistencies and divergences in the current literature may lie in the multidimensional character of the mindreading construct; moreover, the heterogeneity of the experimental measures used to assess individuals with BPD mindreading skills may also need to be taken into account. The aim of the present study is to investigate mindreading skills and impairments in patients with BPD through direct comparison of a wide range of mindreading dimensions using a comprehensive semistructured interview, the Theory of Mind Assessment Scale (Th.o.m.a.s.) (Bosco et al., 2009). Our results show that the performance of patients with BPD differs from that of healthy controls only in certain specific dimensions of mindreading. The difficulties encountered by the patients with BPD typically emerge when mindreading tasks require them to disentangle their own subjective mindreading from that of another person, in other words, when they were required to assume an allocentric perspective.

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Series: Psychiatry research
ISSN: 0165-1781
ISSN-E: 1872-7123
ISSN-L: 0165-1781
Volume: 272
Pages: 609 - 617
DOI: 10.1016/j.psychres.2018.12.102
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 6121 Languages
515 Psychology
Copyright information: © 2018. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license