University of Oulu

Oikarainen, A, Mikkonen, K, Tuomikoski, A‐M, et al. Mentors' competence in mentoring culturally and linguistically diverse nursing students during clinical placement. J Adv Nurs. 2018; 74: 148– 159. https://doi.org/10.1111/jan.13388

Mentors' competence in mentoring culturally and linguistically diverse nursing students during clinical placement

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Author: Oikarainen, Ashlee1; Mikkonen, Kristina2; Tuomikoski, Anna‐Maria3;
Organizations: 1University of Oulu Oulu Finland
2Research Unit of Nursing Science and Health Management, Oulu, Finland
3Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland
4Oulu University Hospital and University of Oulu Medical Research Center Oulu, Oulu, Finland
5University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
6Research Unit of Nursing Science and Health Management, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
7Medical Research Center Oulu, Oulu University Hospital and University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.9 MB)
Persistent link: http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2019061420469
Language: English
Published: John Wiley & Sons, 2018
Publish Date: 2019-06-14
Description:

Abstract

Aims: To describe mentors' competence in mentoring culturally and linguistically diverse nursing students during clinical placement and identify the factors that affect mentoring.

Background: Healthcare education is confronted by several challenges in a time characterized by globalization and increasing international migration. Nursing students from diverse backgrounds continue to experience difficulties during clinical placement. Students can overcome these difficulties and assume responsibility for their learning when mentored by supportive and competent mentors.

Design: A cross‐sectional, descriptive explorative study design was used.

Methods: Data were collected during spring 2016 through a survey sent to mentors (n = 3,355) employed at five university hospitals in Finland. Mentors' competence in mentoring culturally and linguistically diverse nursing students was measured with the self‐assessment Mentors' Competence Instrument and the Cultural and Linguistic Diversity in Mentoring scale. The analysis included descriptive statistics, non‐parametric tests and binary logistic regression analysis.

Results: Mentors with experience mentoring nursing students from diverse backgrounds rated their overall competence in mentoring as good. However, the results show continued challenges related to competence in linguistic diversity in mentoring. Seven factors that affect mentors' competence in linguistic diversity were identified. Despite high evaluations by mentors of competence related to cultural diversity in mentoring, there are still opportunities for improvement in this area.

Conclusion: Innovative and effective strategies are needed to develop mentors' competence in mentoring culturally and linguistically diverse nursing students. Educational and healthcare organizations should strive to enhance collaboration and increase the competence of both mentors and nursing students to work in increasingly diverse healthcare environments.

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Series: Journal of advanced nursing
ISSN: 0309-2402
ISSN-E: 1365-2648
ISSN-L: 0309-2402
Volume: 74
Issue: 1
Pages: 148 - 159
DOI: 10.1111/jan.13388
OADOI: https://oadoi.org/10.1111/jan.13388
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 316 Nursing
Subjects:
Copyright information: © 2017 John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Oikarainen, A, Mikkonen, K, Tuomikoski, A‐M, et al. Mentors' competence in mentoring culturally and linguistically diverse nursing students during clinical placement. J Adv Nurs. 2018; 74: 148– 159. https://doi.org/10.1111/jan.13388, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/jan.13388. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.