University of Oulu

Wiemers M, Balletto E, Dincă V, Fric ZF, Lamas G, Lukhtanov V, Munguira ML, van Swaay CAM, Vila R, Vliegenthart A, Wahlberg N, Verovnik R (2018) An updated checklist of the European Butterflies (Lepidoptera, Papilionoidea). ZooKeys 811: 9-45.

An updated checklist of the European Butterflies (Lepidoptera, Papilionoidea)

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Author: Wiemers, Martin1; Balletto, Emilio2; Dincă, Vlad3;
Organizations: 1UFZ – Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research, Department of Community Ecology, Theodor-Lieser-Str. 4, 06120 Halle, Germany
2Turin University, Department of Life Sciences and Systems Biology, via Accademia Albertina 13, I-10123 Torino, Italy
3Department of Ecology and Genetics, PO Box 3000, University of Oulu, 90014 Oulu, Finland
4Biology Centre CAS, Branisovska 31, 370 05 Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic
5Museo de Historia Natural, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Apartado 14-0434, Lima-14, Peru
6Department of Karyosystematics, Zoological Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences, Universitetskaya nab. 1, St. Petersburg 199034, Russia
7Departamento de Biología, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, c/ Darwin 2, 28049 Madrid, Spain
8Dutch Butterfly Conservation, PO Box 506, 6700 AM Wageningen, The Netherlands
9Institut de Biologia Evolutiva (CSIC-Universitat Pompeu Fabra), Passeig Marítim de la Barceloneta 37, 08003 Barcelona, Spain
10Lund University, Department of Biology, Sölvegatan 37, 223 62 Lund, Sweden
11University of Ljubljana, Biotechnical Faculty, Department of Biology, Jamnikarjeva 111, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 1.8 MB)
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Pensoft Publishers, 2018
Publish Date: 2019-06-19


This paper presents an updated checklist of the butterflies of Europe, together with their original name combinations, and their occurrence status in each European country. According to this checklist, 496 species of the superfamily Papilionoidea occur in Europe. Changes in comparison with the last version (2.6.2) of Fauna Europaea are discussed. Compared to that version, 16 species are new additions, either due to cryptic species most of which have been discovered by molecular methods (13 cases) or due to discoveries of Asian species on the eastern border of the European territory in the Ural mountains (three cases). On the other hand, nine species had to be removed from the list, because they either do not occur in Europe or lost their species status due to new evidence. In addition, three species names had to be changed and 30 species changed their combination due to new evidence on phylogenetic relationships. Furthermore, minor corrections were applied to some authors’ names and years of publication. Finally, the name Polyommatus ottomanus Lefèbvre, 1831, which is threatened by its senior synonym Lycaena legeri Freyer, 1830, is declared a nomen protectum, thereby conserving its name in the current combination Lycaena ottoman.

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Series: Zookeys
ISSN: 1313-2989
ISSN-E: 1313-2970
ISSN-L: 1313-2989
Volume: 811
Pages: 9 - 45
DOI: 10.3897/zookeys.811.28712
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 1184 Genetics, developmental biology, physiology
Funding: VL was supported by grant N 14-14-00541 from the Russian Science Foundation to the Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences and ZF by grant 14-36098G from the Czech Science Foundation.
Copyright information: © Copyright Martin Wiemers et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.