University of Oulu

Wu, J., Henning, P., Sjögren, K., Koskela, A., Tuukkanen, J., Movérare-Skrtic, S., Ohlsson, C. (2019) The androgen receptor is required for maintenance of bone mass in adult male mice. Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology, 479, 159-169. doi:10.1016/j.mce.2018.10.008

The androgen receptor is required for maintenance of bone mass in adult male mice

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Author: Wu, Jianyao1; Henning, Petra1; Sjögren, Klara1;
Organizations: 1Centre for Bone and Arthritis Research, Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden
2Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Medical Research Center, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 1.1 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Elsevier, 2019
Publish Date: 2019-06-25


Previous studies evaluating the role of the androgen receptor (AR) for bone mass have used mouse models with global or tissue-specific lifelong inactivation of the AR. However, these mouse models have the AR inactivated already early in life and the relative roles of the AR during development, sexual maturation and in adult mice cannot be evaluated separately. The aim of the present study was to determine the specific roles of the AR in bone during sexual maturation and in adult mice. The AR was conditionally ablated at four (pre-pubertal) or ten (post-pubertal) weeks of age in male mice using tamoxifen-inducible Cre-mediated recombination. Both the pre-pubertal and the post-pubertal AR inactivation were efficient demonstrated by substantially lower AR mRNA levels in seminal vesicle, bone and white adipose tissue as well as markedly reduced weights of reproductive tissues when comparing inducible ARKO mice and control mice at 14 weeks of age. Total body BMD, as analyzed by DXA, as well as tibia diaphyseal cortical bone thickness and proximal metaphyseal trabecular bone volume fraction, as analyzed by μCT, were significantly reduced by both pre-pubertal and post-pubertal AR inactivation. These bone effects were associated with an increased bone turnover, indicating a high bone turnover osteoporosis. Pre-pubertal but not post-pubertal AR inactivation resulted in substantially increased fat mass. In conclusion, the AR is required for maintenance of both trabecular and cortical bone in adult male mice while AR expression during puberty is crucial for normal fat mass homeostasis in adult male mice.

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Series: Molecular and cellular endocrinology
ISSN: 0303-7207
ISSN-E: 0303-7207
ISSN-L: 0303-7207
Volume: 479
Pages: 159 - 169
DOI: 10.1016/j.mce.2018.10.008
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 3111 Biomedicine
Funding: This study was supported by Swedish Research Council, Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research, ALF/LUA research grant from the Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Lundberg Foundation, European Calcified Tissue Society, Torsten and Ragnar Söderberg's Foundation, Novo Nordisk Foundation, and Kunt and Alice Wallenberg Foundation.
Copyright information: © 2018 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (