Farming of insects for food and feed in South Korea : tradition and innovation
|Author:||Meyer-Rochow, Victor Benno1,2; Ghosh, Sampat3; Jung, Chuleui3,4|
1Research Institute of Luminous Organisms Hachijo, Nakanogo, Hachijojima, Tokyo, Japan
2Department of Ecology and Genetics, Oulu University, Oulu, Finland
3Agriculture Science and Technology Research Institute, Andong National University, Andong, GB, Republic of Korea
4Department of Plant Medicals, Andong National University, Andong, GB, Republic of Korea
|Online Access:||PDF Full Text (PDF, 3.3 MB)|
|Persistent link:|| http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2019062621921
|Publish Date:|| 2019-06-26
Edible silkworm pupae, known in Korea as “beondaegi” and seen as a valuable byproduct of the silk industry have been part of the local food spectrum for centuries. Edible crickets on the other hand, represented in Korea primarily by the species Gryllus bimaculatus and Teleogryllus emma as our research has shown, are relative newcomers and have been under cultivation in Korea for no longer than about 20 years. Silkworm pupae on account of their widely appreciated nutritional qualities can be obtained fresh at local vendors or in canned form from most supermarkets. Recently when Viagra-like effects of silkworm extracts were demonstrated in male rats, uses of silkworm pupae as material for the pharmaceutical industry have been added to their role as a human food item. Edible crickets, however, find their greatest acceptance as feed for domestic animals like pigs and poultry as well as increasingly farmed fish. The amount of cricket flour as a protein-rich additive to conventional flour types in the baking industry is expected to rise as is the number of farmed crickets and people employed in the cricket farm sector, generally. The total amount of crickets produced currently in Korea is dwarfed by the amount of 10 tons of silkworm pupae annually, of which 2 tons are specifically reared for the purpose of food and feed. To produce approximately 35,000 “beondaegi” 1 ton of mulberry leaf fodder is required, but 200,000 crickets can be reared on the equivalent of 100 kg wheat bran plus 80 kg of corn.
Berliner und Münchener tierärztliche Wochenschrift
|Pages:||236 - 244|
|Type of Publication:||
A1 Journal article – refereed
|Field of Science:||
1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
This work was financially supported in part by the Basic Science Research Programme through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF), funded by the Ministry of Education (NRF-2018R1A6A1A03024862).
© 2018 Schlütersche Verlagsgesellschaft mbH & Co. KG. Published in this repository with the kind permission of the publisher.