University of Oulu

Neroni, J., Meijs, C., Leontjevas, R., Kirschner, P. A., & De Groot, R. H. (2018). Goal Orientation and Academic Performance in Adult Distance Education. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 19(2).

Goal orientation and academic performance in adult distance education

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Author: Neroni, Joyce1; Meijs, Celeste1; Leontjevas, Ruslan1;
Organizations: 1Open University of the Netherlands, Heerlen, The Netherlands
2University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
3Maastricht University, Maastricht, the Netherlands
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.6 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Athabasca University Press, 2018
Publish Date: 2019-07-01


Research has shown the importance of goal orientation in predicting academic performance for children, adolescents, and college students in traditional educational settings. Studies on this relationship within adult distance education, however, are lacking. To fill this gap, the present study was conducted to investigate the relationship between goal orientation and academic performance in adult distance learners. A sample of N = 1128 distance university students (age 18–75 years) filled out an online questionnaire. Their exam grades were collected from the files of the Open University of the Netherlands (OUNL). A mixed model regression showed performance approach goal orientation to be a positive predictor of academic performance, whereas performance avoidance and work avoidance were negative predictors of academic performance. Non-significant results were found for mastery approach as well as for mastery avoidance. Implications of these results are discussed.

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Series: International review of research in open and distance learning
ISSN: 1492-3831
ISSN-E: 1492-3831
ISSN-L: 1492-3831
Volume: 19
Issue: 2
Pages: 192 - 208
DOI: 10.19173/irrodl.v19i2.3440
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 516 Educational sciences
Copyright information: © The authors 2018. As a condition of publication, the authors AGREE to release their copyright under a shared licence, specifically the Creative Commons - Attribution International 4.0 (CC-BY) License. This licence allows anyone to reproduce IRRODL articles at no cost and without further permission as long as they attribute the author and the journal. This permission includes printing, sharing and other forms of distribution.