University of Oulu

Lotvonen, S.; Kyngäs, H.; Koistinen, P.; Bloigu, R.; Elo, S. Mental Well-Being of Older People in Finland during the First Year in Senior Housing and Its Association with Physical Performance. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1331.

Mental well-being of older people in finland during the first year in senior housing and its association with physical performance

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Author: Lotvonen, Sinikka1; Kyngäs, Helvi1,2; Koistinen, Pentti3;
Organizations: 1Research Unit of Nursing Science and Health Management, Medical Research Center of Oulu, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 5000, 90014 Oulu, Finland
2Research Unit of Nursing Science and Health Management, Medical Research Center of Oulu, Oulu University Hospital, Kajaanintie 50, 90220 Oulu, Finland
3Faculty of Medicine, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 5000, 90014 Oulu, Finland
4Medical Informatics and Statistics Research Group Oulu, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 5000, 90014 Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.3 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, 2018
Publish Date: 2019-07-22


Growing numbers of older people relocate to senior housing, when their physical or mental performance declines. The relocation is known to be one of the most stressful events in the life of older people and affect their mental and physical well-being. More information about the relationships between mental and physical parameters is required. We examined self-reported mental well-being of 81 older people (aged 59–93, living in northern Finland), and changes in it 3 and 12 months after relocation to senior housing. The first measurement was 3 months and the second measurement 12 months after relocation. Most participants were female (70%). Their physical performance was also measured, and associations between these two were analyzed. After 12 months, mental capability was very good or quite good in 38% of participants, however 22% of participants felt depressive symptoms daily or weekly. Moreover, 39% of participants reported daily or weekly loneliness. After 12 months participants reported a significant increase in forgetting appointments, losing items and difficulties in learn new things. They felt that opportunities to make decisions concerning their own life significantly decreased. Furthermore, their instrumental activities of daily living (IADL), dominant hand’s grip strength and walking speed decreased significantly. Opportunities to make decisions concerning their life, feeling safe, loneliness, sleeping problems, negative thoughts as well as fear of falling or having an accident outdoors were associated with these physical parameters. In addition to assessing physical performance and regular exercise, the various components of mental well-being and their interactions with physical performance should be considered during adjustment to senior housing.

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Series: International journal of environmental research and public health
ISSN: 1661-7827
ISSN-E: 1660-4601
ISSN-L: 1661-7827
Volume: 15
Issue: 7
Article number: 1331
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph15071331
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 316 Nursing
Copyright information: © 2018 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (