University of Oulu

T. Kumar, P. Porambage, I. Ahmad, M. Liyanage, E. Harjula and M. Ylianttila, "Securing Gadget-Free Digital Services," in Computer, vol. 51, no. 11, pp. 66-77, Nov. 2018. doi: 10.1109/MC.2018.2876017

Securing gadget-free digital services

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Author: Kumar, Tanesh1; Porambage, Pawani1; Ahmad, Ijaz1;
Organizations: 1Centre for Wireless Communication, University of Oulu
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 4.8 MB)
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2018
Publish Date: 2019-08-13


The world faces a digital transition in which nearby environments are intelligent enough to provide user-intended services without requiring any handheld gadgets. This article proposes applying a three-tier communication and service architecture for such a gadget-free environment, identifies its potential vulnerabilities, and proposes a corresponding threetier security mechanism.

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Series: Computer
ISSN: 0018-9162
ISSN-E: 1558-0814
ISSN-L: 0018-9162
Volume: 51
Issue: 11
Pages: 66 - 77
DOI: 10.1109/MC.2018.2876017
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 213 Electronic, automation and communications engineering, electronics
Funding: This work was supported by TEKES and the Academy of Finland, under the Naked Approach, Towards Digital Paradise and WiFiUS: Massive IoT projects.
Copyright information: © 2018 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.