University of Oulu

Valkama, A. M., Mäkelä, M., Salo, J., & Ojaniemi, M. (2017). Self-Reported Experiences, Attitudes and Expectations of Infant Contacts in Medical Students; A Cross-Sectional Study in Ten Years’ Interval. International Journal of Clinical Medicine, 8(4), 216–226.

Self-reported experiences, attitudes and expectations of infant contacts in medical students : a cross-sectional study in ten years’ interval

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Author: Valkama, A. Marita1,2,3; Mäkelä, Mailis1; Salo, Jarmo1,2;
Organizations: 1Department of Children and Adolescents, Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland
2PEDEGO Research Center, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
3Medical Research Center, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 3.1 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Scientific Research Publishing, 2017
Publish Date: 2019-08-14


Introduction: Medical students worked earlier as independent practitioners before paediatrics courses. Now it is denied. We evaluated students’ experiences of infant contacts before and after the change. Methods: A cross-sectional questionnaire study consists of students attending paediatrics courses at University of Oulu in 2004–2006 and 2014–2015. Results: 229 of 241 (95.0%) students in the first cohort and 236 of 258 (91.5%) in the second completed the questionnaire. The mean (SD) age of the students was 25.1 (3.0) and 25.9 (3.0) (p = 0.040). In both cohorts two thirds of the students were familiar with holding infants in the lap, but two thirds had never bathed an infant. A half of males and one third of females had never fed an infant. Students approximated to manage with infants and believed to manage increased with age in both cohorts (p < 0.001 vs. p = 0.019). Students’ perspective towards pediatrics as a future carrier choice declined from 30.3% to 22.0%. Conclusions: Students’ experiences in handling and care of infants are quite low before paediatrics courses. The denial not to work as independent practitioner before paediatric courses did not decrease experiences. Medical students are motivated to have infant experiences in practice.

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Series: International journal of clinical medicine
ISSN: 2158-284X
ISSN-E: 2158-2882
ISSN-L: 2158-284X
Volume: 8
Issue: 4
Pages: 216 - 226
DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2017.84021
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 3123 Gynaecology and paediatrics
Copyright information: Copyright © 2017 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution International License (CC BY 4.0).