University of Oulu

Implementation of Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Directive in Finland: Evaluation of the collection network and challenges of the effective WEEE management, Resources, Conservation and Recycling, Volume 86, 2014, Pages 38-46, ISSN 0921-3449,

Implementation of waste electrical and electronic equipment directive in Finland : evaluation of the collection network and challenges of the effective WEEE management

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Author: Ylä-Mella, Jenni1; Poikela, Kari2; Lehtinen, Ulla3;
Organizations: 1Centre of Northern Environmental Technology, Thule Institute, P.O. Box 7300, FIN-90014 University of Oulu, Finland
2Kemin Digipolis Oy, Tietokatu 6, FIN-94600 Kemi, Finland
3Oulu Business School, P.O. Box 4600, FIN-90014 University of Oulu, Finland
4Mass and Heat Transfer Process Engineering, Faculty of Technology, P.O. Box 4300, FIN-90014 University of Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.3 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Elsevier, 2014
Publish Date: 2019-08-15


Further to the European Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) Directive, setting up efficient collection schemes is necessary to ensure the recovery targets set. Following the subsidiary principle, the WEEE Directive defines only the general requirements for mandatory collection and recycling objectives. The modalities of the logistics and the organisation of the take-back schemes are left to the choice of Member States. In this paper, the implementation of the WEEE Directive and the development of the WEEE recovery infrastructure in Finland are described and the challenges to the effective management of the WEEE recovery system in Finland are expressed. It can be said that the implementation of the WEEE Directive has succeeded in Finland and, at the same time, the legislative basis has been enacted. In addition, a functional WEEE recovery infrastructure has been built and, the collection requirements of the WEEE Directive have been exceeded in a relatively short time. However, the paper outlines that some inefficient practices still exist, particularly in the registration and WEEE collection stages. It is concluded that raising awareness would lead to a more environmentally sound behaviour and would, ultimately, improve WEEE recovery efficiency.

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Series: Resources, conservation & recycling
ISSN: 0921-3449
ISSN-E: 1879-0658
ISSN-L: 0921-3449
Volume: 86
Pages: 38 - 46
DOI: 10.1016/j.resconrec.2014.02.001
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 218 Environmental engineering
Funding: The financial support of the Finnish Doctoral Programme in Environmental Science and Technology (EnSTe) and Thule Institute's Doctoral Program at the University of Oulu are gratefully acknowledged.
Copyright information: © 2014. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license