University of Oulu

Mikkonen, K., Elo, S., Miettunen, J., Saarikoski, M. & Kääriäinen, M. ( 2017) Development and testing of the CALDs and CLES+T scales for international nursing students’ clinical learning environments. Journal of Advanced Nursing 73(8), 1997– 2011. doi: 10.1111/jan.13268

Development and testing of the CALDs and CLES+T scales for international nursing students’ clinical learning environments

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Author: Mikkonen, Kristina1; Elo, Satu1,2; Miettunen, Jouko2,3;
Organizations: 1Research Unit of Nursing Science and Health Management, University of Oulu, Finland
2Medical Research Center Oulu, Oulu University Hospital, Finland
3Center for Life Course Health Research, University of Oulu, Finland
4Department of Nursing Science, University of Turku, Turku, Finland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 1 MB)
Persistent link: http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2019082325280
Language: English
Published: John Wiley & Sons, 2017
Publish Date: 2019-08-23
Description:

Abstract

Aim: The purpose of this study was to develop and test the psychometric properties of the new Cultural and Linguistic Diversity scale, which is designed to be used with the newly validated Clinical Learning Environment, Supervision and Nurse Teacher scale for assessing international nursing students’ clinical learning environments.

Background: In various developed countries, clinical placements are known to present challenges in the professional development of international nursing students.

Design: A cross‐sectional survey.

Methods: Data were collected from eight Finnish universities of applied sciences offering nursing degree courses taught in English during 2015–2016. All the relevant students (N = 664) were invited and 50% chose to participate. Of the total data submitted by the participants, 28% were used for scale validation. The construct validity of the two scales was tested by exploratory factor analysis, while their validity with respect to convergence and discriminability was assessed using Spearman's correlation.

Results: Construct validation of the Clinical Learning Environment, Supervision and Nurse Teacher scale yielded an eight‐factor model with 34 items, while validation of the Cultural and Linguistic Diversity scale yielded a five‐factor model with 21 items.

Conclusion: A new scale was developed to improve evidence‐based mentorship of international nursing students in clinical learning environments. The instrument will be useful to educators seeking to identify factors that affect the learning of international students.

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Series: Journal of advanced nursing
ISSN: 0309-2402
ISSN-E: 1365-2648
ISSN-L: 0309-2402
Volume: 73
Issue: 8
Pages: 1997 - 2011
DOI: 10.1111/jan.13268
OADOI: https://oadoi.org/10.1111/jan.13268
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 316 Nursing
Subjects:
Funding: We acknowledge Oulu University Scholarship Foundationfor providing financial support for the cost of data collection.
Dataset Reference: Supporting information:
  https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/action/downloadSupplement?doi=10.1111%2Fjan.13268&file=jan13268-sup-0001-TableS1.doc
Copyright information: © 2017 John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Mikkonen, K., Elo, S., Miettunen, J., Saarikoski, M. & Kääriäinen, M. ( 2017) Development and testing of the CALDs and CLES+T scales for international nursing students’ clinical learning environments. Journal of Advanced Nursing 73(8), 1997– 2011, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/jan.13268. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.