University of Oulu

Verstege, S., Pijeira-Díaz, H. J., Noroozi, O., Biemans, H., & Diederen, J. (2019). Relations between students’ perceived levels of self-regulation and their corresponding learning behavior and outcomes in a virtual experiment environment. Computers in Human Behavior, 100, 325–334. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2019.02.020

Relations between students’ perceived levels of self-regulation and their corresponding learning behavior and outcomes in a virtual experiment environment

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Author: Verstege, Sjors1; Pijeira-Díaz, Héctor J.2; Noroozi, Omid3;
Organizations: 1Laboratory of Food Chemistry, Wageningen University & Research, the Netherlands
2Faculty of Education, University of Oulu, Finland
3Chair Group of Education and Learning Sciences, Wageningen University & Research, the Netherlands
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: embargoed
Persistent link: http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2019082325285
Language: English
Published: Elsevier, 2019
Publish Date: 2021-02-18
Description:

Abstract

Virtual Experiment Environments (VEEs) have been shown as effective preparation steps for laboratory classes in natural science education. Given the self-directed nature of VEEs, students need adequate Self-Regulated Learning (SRL) skills. This study explores the relation between students’ perceived SRL level and their behavior and outcomes in a VEE in the field of enzymology. Ninety-seven higher education students were divided into three groups of perceived SRL level (high, medium, and low). The VEE learning behavior (e.g., number of attempts and hints accessed) and VEE outcomes of these groups were compared while keeping prior knowledge as a covariate. While low self-regulated learners showed the least level of engagement with the VEE, high self-regulated learners showed the most optimum learning activity. Medium self-regulated learners engaged more in gaming the system behavior, and consequently learned the least. These results suggest that there is a nonlinear relationship between perceived SRL level and outcomes, since the intermediate level seems to be detrimental to learning, as explained through behavior. The intermediate level was characterized by an increase in agency, but a lack of goal-directed and planning behavior. Implications for self-regulated learning theory and the design of VEEs in the best interest of students are discussed.

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Series: Computers in human behavior
ISSN: 0747-5632
ISSN-E: 0747-5632
ISSN-L: 0747-5632
Volume: 100
Pages: 325 - 334
DOI: 10.1016/j.chb.2019.02.020
OADOI: https://oadoi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2019.02.020
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 516 Educational sciences
Subjects:
Copyright information: © 2019. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http:/creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
  https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/