Jenna Hietaharju, Jani Kangas, Juha Tanskanen, Analysis of the permeation behavior of ethanol/water mixtures through a polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) membrane in pervaporation and vapor permeation conditions, Separation and Purification Technology, Volume 227, 2019, 115738, ISSN 1383-5866, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seppur.2019.115738
Analysis of the permeation behavior of ethanol/water mixtures through a polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) membrane in pervaporation and vapor permeation conditions
|Author:||Hietaharju, Jenna1; Kangas, Jani1; Tanskanen, Juha1|
1Chemical Process Engineering, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 4300 FI-90014, Finland
|Online Access:||PDF Full Text (PDF, 1.1 MB)|
|Persistent link:|| http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2019082725806
|Publish Date:|| 2021-06-28
In this study the interactions between ethanol and water penetrating in a supported polydimethylsiloxane membrane were investigated both using experimental and mathematical modelling work. To reach comprehensive analysis of the membrane performance and the penetrant interactions, the experimental work included a wide range of pervaporation and vapor permeation experiments with pure and binary ethanol-water mixtures. A Maxwell-Stefan model was used to further analyze the membrane performance with a Flory-Huggins formulation to describe the sorption behavior. According to the formed model, both water and ethanol permeation are slowed down from the permeation rates observed with pure feeds and in binary permeation especially the experimental ethanol flux is lower than the flux expected by the model. This suggests that the interactions between the penetrants in PDMS are high resulting to decreased diffusion rate of both ethanol and water.
Separation and purification technology
|Type of Publication:||
A1 Journal article – refereed
|Field of Science:||
215 Chemical engineering
The experimental work was done as a part of the ‘Sustainable production concepts on integrated biorefining industry’ project (decision number 286633) financed by the Academy of Finland (Finland). The work was supported by grants from Emil Aaltonen Foundation (Finland) and Tauno Tönning Foundation (Finland). The help received from Center of Microscopy and Nanotechnology, University of Oulu in membrane sample preparation and microscopic analysis is highly appreciated.
|Academy of Finland Grant Number:||
286633 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
© 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/.