University of Oulu

Oppenlaender J., Kuosmanen E., Goncalves J., Hosio S. (2019) Search Support for Exploratory Writing. In: Lamas D., Loizides F., Nacke L., Petrie H., Winckler M., Zaphiris P. (eds) Human-Computer Interaction – INTERACT 2019. INTERACT 2019. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 11748. Springer, Cham.

Search support for exploratory writing

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Author: Oppenlaender, Jonas1; Kuosmanen, Elina1; Goncalves, Jorge2;
Organizations: 1University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
2University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 1.4 MB)
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Springer Nature, 2019
Publish Date: 2019-09-05


Writing articles involves searching, exploring, evaluating and reflecting upon different perspectives. To this end, online search engines are commonly used tools to support writing. However, online search engines, such as Google, fall short in supporting complex queries that satisfy multiple criteria simultaneously. In this paper, we present our studies with GAS, a crowd-powered tool that allows writers to discover viewpoints, solutions and ideas that best fulfil multiple criteria simultaneously. Our user studies validate GAS as a beneficial companion to online search engines in supporting writing. We found that GAS helps people come up with ideas and write with more confidence, resulting in a higher self-reported article quality and accuracy when compared to only using an online search engine. Through our experiments, we also develop an understanding of the distinct process that people employ when searching for and exploring open-ended, subjective information to support exploratory writing.

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Series: Lecture notes in computer science
ISSN: 0302-9743
ISSN-E: 1611-3349
ISSN-L: 0302-9743
ISBN: 978-3-030-29387-1
ISBN Print: 978-3-030-29386-4
Volume: 11748
Pages: 314 - 336
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-29387-1_18
Host publication: Human-Computer Interaction – INTERACT 2019 17th IFIP TC 13 International Conference Paphos, Cyprus, September 2–6, 2019 Proceedings, Part III
Host publication editor: Lamas, David
Loizides, Fernando
Nacke, Lennart
Petrie, Helen
Winckler, Marco
Zaphiris, Panayiotis
Conference: IFIP TC 13 International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction
Type of Publication: A4 Article in conference proceedings
Field of Science: 113 Computer and information sciences
Funding: This work is partially funded by the Academy of Finland (grants 313224-STOP, 316253-SENSATE and 318927-6Genesis Flagship).
Academy of Finland Grant Number: 313224
Detailed Information: 313224 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
316253 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
318927 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
Copyright information: © IFIP International Federation for Information Processing 2019. This is a post-peer-review, pre-copyedit version of an article published in Lecture Notes in Computer Science. The final authenticated version is available online at: