Kozlovsky, A., Shalimov, S., and Lester, M. (2017), Mesospheric plasma irregularities caused by the missile destruction on 9 December 2009, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 122, 6696– 6707, doi:10.1002/2017JA024300
Mesospheric plasma irregularities caused by the missile destruction on 9 December 2009
|Author:||Kozlovsky, Alexander1; Shalimov, Sergey2,3,4; Lester, Mark5|
1Sodankylä Geophysical Observatory, Sodankylä, Finland
2Institute of Physics of the Earth RAS, Moscow, Russia
3Space Research Institute, Moscow, Russia
4National Research Center “Kurchatov Institute”, Moscow, Russia
5Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leicester, Leicester, UK
|Online Access:||PDF Full Text (PDF, 1.1 MB)|
|Persistent link:|| http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2019092429538
American Geophysical Union,
|Publish Date:|| 2019-09-24
On 9 December 2009 at about 07 UT a solid propellant 36.8 t ballistic rocket was self‐destroyed at an altitude of 170–260 km, at a distance of about 500 km to the east of Sodankylä Geophysical Observatory (SGO, 67°22′N, 26°38′E, Finland). After 2–3 h the SGO meteor radar (operating at a frequency 36.9 MHz) received unusual echoes, which indicate turbulence of ionospheric plasma (irregularities of electron density) with a temporal scale on the order of 0.1 s and a spatial scale of a few to tens of meters. The turbulence occurred at a height of about 80 km and was localized in several areas of about 60 km in horizontal scale. Line‐of‐sight velocity of the irregularities was up to a few tens of meters per second toward the radar. The event occurred in the winter high‐latitude mesosphere during extremely low solar and geomagnetic activity. Aerosol particles caused by the missile explosion played a key role in producing the electron density irregularities. As a possible explanation, we suggest that sedimented by gravity and, hence, moving with respect to the air, charged aerosol particles (presumably composed of aluminum oxide) might produce meter‐scale irregularities (electrostatic waves) via dissipative instability, which is a mechanism analogous to that of the resistive beam‐plasma instability.
Journal of geophysical research. Space physics
|Pages:||6696 - 6707|
|Type of Publication:||
A1 Journal article – refereed
|Field of Science:||
115 Astronomy and space science
S.S. acknowledges support from the Academy of Finland grant 287916. M.L. acknowledges support from Natural Environment Research Council grant NE/K011766/1.
|Academy of Finland Grant Number:||
287916 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
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