University of Oulu

Bruelheide, H, Dengler, J, Jiménez‐Alfaro, B, et al. sPlot – A new tool for global vegetation analyses. J Veg Sci. 2019; 30: 161– 186. https://doi.org/10.1111/jvs.12710

sPlot : a new tool for global vegetation analyses

Saved in:
Author: Bruelheide, Helge1,2; Dengler, Juergen2,3,4; Jimenez-Alfaro, Borja1,2,5;
Purschke, Oliver1,2; Hennekens, Stephan M.6; Chytry, Milan7; Pillar, Valerio D.8; Jansen, Florian9; Kattge, Jens2,10; Sandel, Brody11; Aubin, Isabelle12; Biurrun, Idoia13; Field, Richard14; Haider, Sylvia1,2; Jandt, Ute1,2; Lenoir, Jonathan15; Peet, Robert K.16; Peyre, Gwendolyn17; Sabatini, Francesco Maria1,2; Schmidt, Marco18; Schrodt, Franziska14; Winter, Marten2; Acic, Svetlana19; Agrillo, Emiliano20; Alvarez, Miguel21; Ambarli, Didem22; Angelini, Pierangela23; Apostolova, Iva24; Khan, Mohammed A. S. Arfin25,26; Arnst, Elise27; Attorre, Fabio20; Baraloto, Christopher28,29; Beckmann, Michael30; Berg, Christian31; Bergeron, Yves32; Bergmeier, Erwin33; Bjorkman, Anne D.34,35,36; Bondareva, Viktoria37; Borchardt, Peter38; Botta-Dukat, Zoltan39; Boyle, Brad40; Breen, Amy41; Brisse, Henry42; Byun, Chaeho43; Cabido, Marcelo R.44; Casella, Laura23; Cayuela, Luis45; Cerny, Tomas46; Chepinoga, Victor47; Csiky, Janos48; Curran, Michael49; Custerevska, Renata50; Stevanovic, Zora Dajic19; De Bie, Els51; de Ruffray, Patrice52; De Sanctis, Michele20; Dimopoulos, Panayotis53; Dressler, Stefan54; Ejrnaes, Rasmus55; El-Sheikh, Mohamed Abd El-Rouf Mousa56,57; Enquist, Brian40; Ewald, Joerg58; Fagundez, Jaime59; Finckh, Manfred60; Font, Xavier61; Forey, Estelle62; Fotiadis, Georgios63; Garcia-Mijangos, Itziar13; de Gasper, Andre Luis64; Golub, Valentin37; Gutierrez, Alvaro G.65; Hatim, Mohamed Z.66; He, Tianhua67; Higuchi, Pedro68; Holubova, Dana7; Hoelzel, Norbert69; Homeier, Juergen70; Indreica, Adrian71; Gursoy, Deniz Isik72; Jansen, Steven73; Janssen, John6; Jedrzejek, Birgit69; Jirousek, Martin7,74; Juergens, Norbert60; Kacki, Zygmunt75; Kavgaci, Ali76; Kearsley, Elizabeth77; Kessler, Michael78; Knollova, Ilona7; Kolomiychuk, Vitaliy79; Korolyuk, Andrey80; Kozhevnikova, Maria81; Kozub, Lukasz82; Krstonosic, Daniel83; Kuehl, Hjalmar2,84; Kuehn, Ingolf1,2,85; Kuzemko, Anna86; Kuzmic, Filip87; Landucci, Flavia7; Lee, Michael T.88; Levesley, Aurora89; Li, Ching-Feng90; Liu, Hongyan91; Lopez-Gonzalez, Gabriela89; Lysenko, Tatiana92,93; Macanovic, Armin94; Mahdavi, Parastoo95; Manning, Peter36; Marceno, Corrado13; Martynenko, Vassiliy96; Mencuccini, Maurizio97; Minden, Vanessa98; Moeslund, Jesper Erenskjold55; Moretti, Marco99; Mueller, Jonas V.100; Munzinger, Jerome101; Niinemets, Ulo102; Nobis, Marcin103; Noroozi, Jalil104; Nowak, Arkadiusz105; Onyshchenko, Viktor86; Overbeck, Gerhard E.8; Ozinga, Wim A.6; Pauchard, Anibal106; Pedashenko, Hristo; Penuelas, Josep107,108; Perez-Haase, Aaron109,110; Peterka, Tomas7; Petrik, Petr111; Phillips, Oliver L.89; Prokhorov, Vadim81; Rasomavicius, Valerijus112; Revermann, Rasmus60; Rodwell, John; Ruprecht, Eszter113; Rusina, Solvita114; Samimi, Cyrus115; Schaminee, Joop H. J.6; Schmiedel, Ute60; Sibik, Jozef116; Silc, Urban87; Skvorc, Zeljko83; Smyth, Anita117; Sop, Tenekwetche2,84; Sopotlieva, Desislava24; Sparrow, Ben117; Stancic, Zvjezdana118; Svenning, Jens-Christian34,35; Swacha, Grzegorz75; Tang, Zhiyao91; Tsiripidis, Ioannis119; Turtureanu, Pavel Dan120; Ugurlu, Emin121; Uogintas, Domas112; Valachovic, Milan116; Vanselow, Kim Andre122; Vashenyak, Yulia123; Vassilev, Kiril24; Velez-Martin, Eduardo8; Venanzoni, Roberto124; Vibrans, Alexander Christian125; Violle, Cyrille126; Virtanen, Risto2,127,128; von Wehrden, Henrik129; Wagner, Viktoria130; Walker, Donald A.131; Wana, Desalegn132; Weiher, Evan133; Wesche, Karsten2,134,135; Whitfeld, Timothy136; Willner, Wolfgang104,137; Wiser, Susan27; Wohlgemuth, Thomas138; Yamalov, Sergey139; Zizka, Georg54; Zverev, Andrei140
Organizations: 1Martin Luther Univ Halle Wittenberg, Geobot & Bot Garden, Inst Biol, Halle, Germany.
2German Ctr Integrat Biodivers Res iDiv Halle Jana, Leipzig, Germany.
3Zurich Univ Appl Sci ZHAW, Inst Nat Resource Sci IUNR, Vegetat Ecol Grp, Wadenswil, Switzerland.
4Univ Bayreuth, Plant Ecol Bayreuth Ctr Ecol & Environm Res BayCE, Bayreuth, Germany.
5Univ Oviedo, Res Unit Biodivers CSUC UO PA, Mieres, Spain.
6Wageningen Univ & Res, Wageningen Environm Res Alterra, Wageningen, Netherlands.
7Masaryk Univ, Dept Bot & Zool, Brno, Czech Republic.
8Univ Fed Rio Grande, Dept Ecol, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.
9Univ Rostock, Fac Agr & Environm Sci, Rostock, Germany.
10Max Planck Inst Biogeochem, Jena, Germany.
11Santa Clara Univ, Dept Biol, Santa Clara, CA 95053 USA.
12Nat Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Serv, Great Lakes Forestry Ctr, Sault Ste Marie, ON, Canada.
13Univ Basque Country, UPV EHU, Plant Biol & Ecol, Bilbao, Spain.
14Univ Nottingham, Sch Geog, Nottingham, England.
15UPJV, CNRS, UMR 7058, Ecol & Dynam Systemes Anthropises EDYSAN, Amiens, France.
16Univ N Carolina, Dept Biol, Chapel Hill, NC 27515 USA.
17Univ Andes, Dept Civil & Environm Engn, Bogota, Colombia.
18Senckenberg Biodivers & Climate Res Ctr BiK F, Data & Modelling Ctr, Frankfurt, Germany.
19Fac Agr, Dept Agrobot, Belgrade, Serbia.
20Sapienza Univ Rome, Dept Environm Biol, Rome, Italy.
21Univ Bonn, Plant Nutr, INRES, Bonn, Germany.
22Duzce Univ, Fac Agr & Nat Sci, Dept Agr Biotechnol, Duzce, Turkey.
23ISPRA Italian Natl Inst Environm Protect & Res, Biodivers Conservat Dept, Rome, Italy.
24Bulgarian Acad Sci, Inst Biodivers & Ecosyst Res, Dept Plant & Fungal Div & Resources, Sofia, Bulgaria.
25Shahjalal Univ Sci & Technol, Forestry & Environm Sci, Sylhet, Bangladesh.
26Univ Bayreuth, Bayreuth Ctr Ecol & Environm Res BayCEER, Disturbance Ecol, Bayreuth, Germany.
27Manaaki Whenua Landcare Res, Lincoln, New Zealand.
28Int Ctr Trop Bot ICTB, Kampong Natl Trop Bot Garden, Coconut Grove, FL USA.
29Florida Int Univ, Dept Biol Sci, Miami, FL 33199 USA.
30UFZ Helmholtz Ctr Environm Res, Landscape Ecol, Leipzig, Germany.
31Karl Franzens Univ Graz, Botan Garden, Graz, Austria.
32Univ Quebec Abitibi Temiscamingue, Forest Res Inst, Rouyn Noranda, PQ, Canada.
33Univ Gottingen, Vegetat Ecol & Phytodivers, Gottingen, Germany.
34Aarhus Univ, Ctr Biodivers Dynam Changing World BIOCHANGE, Dept Biosci, Aarhus C, Denmark.
35Aarhus Univ, Sect Ecoinformat & Biodivers, Aarhus C, Denmark.
36Senckenberg Biodivers & Climate Res Ctr SBiK F, Frankfurt, Germany.
37Inst Ecol Volga River Basin, Lab Phytocoenol, Tolyatti, Russia.
38Univ Hamburg, CEN Ctr Earth Syst Res & Sustainabil, Inst Geog, Hamburg, Germany.
39MTA Ctr Ecol Res, Inst Ecol & Bot, Vacratot, Hungary.
40Univ Arizona, Ecol & Evolutionary Biol, Tucson, AZ USA.
41Univ Alaska, Int Arctic Res Ctr, Fairbanks, AK 99701 USA.
42MEP, Fac Sci, Marseille 20, France.
43Yonsei Univ, Sch Civil & Environm Engn, Seoul, South Korea.
44Univ Cordoba, CONICET, Multidisciplinary Inst Plant Biol IMBIV, Cordoba, Argentina.
45Univ Rey Juan Carlos, Dept Biol Geol Phys & Inorgan Chem, Mostoles, Spain.
46Czech Univ Life Sci Prague, Fac Forestry & Wood Sci, Dept Forest Ecol, Prague 6, Czech Republic.
47RAS, VB Sochava Inst Geog SB, Lab Phys Geog & Biogeog, Irkutsk, Russia.
48Univ Pecs, Dept Ecol, Pecs, Hungary.
49Swiss Fed Inst Technol, Inst Environm Engn, Zurich, Switzerland.
50Inst Biol, Fac Nat Sci & Math, Skopje, Macedonia.
51Res Inst Nat & Forest INBO, Team Biotope Divers, Brussels, Belgium.
52Univ Strasbourg, IBMP, Strasbourg, France.
53Univ Patras, Div Plant Biol, Lab Bot, Dept Biol, Patras, Greece.
54Senckenberg Res Inst, Dept Bot & Mol Evolut, Frankfurt, Germany.
55Aarhus Univ, Dept Biosci, Ronde, Denmark.
56King Saud Univ, Bot & Microbiol Dept, Coll Sci, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
57Damanhour Univ, Bot Dept, Fac Sci, Damanhour, Egypt.
58Univ Appl Sci, Hochschule Weihenstephan Triesdorf, Freising Weihenstephan, Germany.
59Univ A Coruna, Fac Sci, La Coruna, Spain.
60Univ Hamburg, Inst Plant Sci & Microbiol, Biodivers Ecol & Evolut Plants, Hamburg, Germany.
61Univ Barcelona, Plant Biodivers Resource Ctr, Barcelona, Spain.
62Normandie Univ, IRSTEA, URA, Lab Ecodiv,EA 1293, Mont St Aignan, France.
63TEI Sterea Ellada, Dept Forestry & Nat Environm Management, Karpenissi, Greece.
64Univ Reg Blumenau, Dept Nat Sci, Blumenau, Brazil.
65Univ Chile, Fac Ciencias Agron, Dept Ciencias Ambient & Recursos Natur Renovables, Santiago, Chile.
66Tanta Univ, Fac Sci, Bot, Tanta, Egypt.
67Curtin Univ, Sch Mol & Life Sci, Bentley, WA, Australia.
68Santa Catarina State Univ, Forestry Dept, Lages, Brazil.
69Univ Munster, Inst Landscape Ecol, Munster, Germany.
70Univ Gottingen, Plant Ecol & Ecosyst Res, Gottingen, Germany.
71Transilvania Univ Brasov, Dept Silviculture, Brasov, Romania.
72Celal Bayar Univ, Dept Biol, Manisa, Turkey.
73Ulm Univ, Fac Nat Sci, Inst Systemat Bot & Ecol, Ulm, Germany.
74Mendel Univ Brno, Dept Plant Biol, Brno, Czech Republic.
75Univ Wroclaw, Botan Garden, Wroclaw, Poland.
76Southwest Anatolia Forest Res Inst, Silviculture & Forest Bot, Antalya, Turkey.
77Univ Ghent, Dept Environm, Ghent, Belgium.
78Univ Zurich, Dept Systemat & Evolutionary Bot, Zurich, Switzerland.
79Taras Shevchenko Natl Univ Kyiv, Inst Biol & Med, Educ & Sci Ctr, OV Fomin Bot Garden, Kiev, Ukraine.
80Russian Acad Sci, Siberian Branch, Cent Siberian Bot Garden, Geosyst Lab, Novosibirsk, Russia.
81Kazan Fed Univ, Inst Environm Sci, Kazan, Russia.
82Univ Warsaw, Biol & Chem Res Ctr, Fac Biol, Dept Plant Ecol & Environm Conservat, Warsaw, Poland.
83Univ Zagreb, Fac Forestry, Zagreb, Croatia.
84Max Planck Inst Evolutionary Anthropol MPI EVA, Primatol, Leipzig, Germany.
85UFZ Helmholtz Ctr Environm Res, Dept Community Ecol, Halle, Germany.
86Natl Acad Sci Ukraine, MG Kholodny Inst Bot, Kiev, Ukraine.
87Slovenian Acad Sci & Arts ZRC SAZU, Res Ctr, Inst Biol, Ljubljana, Slovenia.
88NatureServe, Durham, NC USA.
89Univ Leeds, Sch Geog, Leeds, W Yorkshire, England.
90Natl Taiwan Univ, Sch Forestry & Resource Conservat, Hsinchu, Taiwan.
91Peking Univ, Colle Urban & Environm Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China.
92RAS, Inst Ecol Volga River Basin, Dept Phytodivers Problems, Tolyatti, Russia.
93RAS, Komarov Bot Inst, Lab Vegetat Sci, St Petersburg, Russia.
94Univ Sarajevo, Ctr Ecol & Nat Resources Academician Sulejman Red, Dept Biol, Sarajevo, Bosnia & Herceg.
95Carl von Ossietzky Univ Oldenburg, Dept Ecol & Environm Sci, Res Grp Vegetat Sci & Nat Conservat, Oldenburg, Germany.
96Russian Acad Sci, Ufa Fed Sci Ctr, Ufa Inst Biol, Ufa, Russia.
97ICREA, CREAF, Barcelona, Spain.
98Carl von Ossietzky Univ Oldenburg, Inst Biol Environm Sci, Oldenburg, Germany.
99Swiss Fed Res Inst WSL, Biodivers & Conservat Biol, Birmensdorf, Switzerland.
100Royal Bot Gardens, Conservat Sci, Richmond, England.
101Univ Montpellier, CNRS, AMAP Bot & Modelling Plant Architecture & Vegetar, IRD,CIRAD,INRA, Montpellier, France.
102Estonian Univ Life Sci, Crop Sci & Plant Biol, Tartu, Estonia.
103Jagiellonian Univ, Inst Bot, Krakow, Poland.
104Univ Vienna, Dept Bot & Biodivers Res, Vienna, Austria.
105Polish Acad Sci, Ctr Biol Div Conservat, Botan Garden, Warsaw, Poland.
106Univ Concepcion, LIB, Concepcion, Chile.
107UAB, CSIC, CREAF, Global Ecol Unit, Bellaterra, Spain.
108CREAF, Cerdanyola Del Valles, Spain.
109Univ Barcelona, Dept Evolutionary Biol Ecol & Environm Sci, Barcelona, Spain.
110Spanish Res Council, CSIC, CEAB, Continental Ecol,Ctr Adv Studies Blanes, Blanes, Girona, Spain.
111Czech Acad Sci, Inst Bot, Dept GIS & Remote Sensing, Pruhonice, Czech Republic.
112Nat Res Ctr, Inst Bot, Vilnius, Lithuania.
113Babe Bolyai Univ, Fac Biol & Geol, Hungarian Dept Biol & Ecol, Cluj Napoca, Romania.
114Univ Latvia, Dept Geog, Riga, Latvia.
115Univ Bayreuth, Bayreuth Ctr Ecol & Environm Res BayCEER, Climatol, Bayreuth, Germany.
116Slovak Acad Sci, Inst Bot, Plant Sci & Biodivers Ctr, Bratislava, Slovakia.
117Univ Adelaide, TERN, Adelaide, SA, Australia.
118Univ Zagreb, Fac Geotech Engn, Varazhdin, Croatia.
119Aristotle Univ Thessaloniki, Sch Biol, Thessaloniki, Greece.
120Babe Bolyai Univ, A Borza Bot Garden, Cluj Napoca, Romania.
121Bursa Tech Univ, Fac Forestry, Forest Engn Dept, Yildirim, Bursa, Turkey.
122Univ Erlangen Nurnberg, Dept Geog, Erlangen, Germany.
123Interreg Acad Personnel Management, Khmelnytskyi Inst, Khmelnytskyi, Ukraine.
124Univ Perugia, Dept Chem Biol & Biotechnol, Perugia, Italy.
125Univ Reg Blumenau, Dept Engn Florestal, Blumenau, Brazil.
126Univ Paul Valery Montpellier, Univ Montpellier, CNRS, UMR5175,Ctr Ecol Fonct & Evolut,EPHE, Montpellier, France.
127Univ Oulu, Biodivers Unit, Ecol & Genet Res Unit, Oulu, Finland.
128UFZ Helmholtz Ctr Environm Res, Dept Physiol Div, Leipzig, Germany.
129Leuphana Univ, Inst Ecol, Luneburg, Germany.
130Univ Alberta, Dept Biol Sci, Edmonton, AB, Canada.
131Univ Alaska, Inst Arctic Biol, Fairbanks, AK 99701 USA.
132Addis Ababa Univ, Dept Geog & Environm Studies, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
133Univ Wisconsin, Dept Biol, Eau Claire, WI 54701 USA.
134Senckenberg Museum Nat Hist Gorlitz, Bot Dept, Gorlitz, Germany.
135Tech Univ Dresden, Int Inst Zittau, Zittau, Germany.
136Brown Univ, Herbarium, Dept Ecol & Evolutionary Biol, Providence, RI 02912 USA.
137Vienna Inst Nat Conservat & Analyses, Vienna, Austria.
138Swiss Fed Inst Forest, Snow & Landscape Res WSL, Res Unit Forest Dynam, Birmensdorf, Switzerland.
139Russian Acad Sci, Ufa Sci Ctr, Bot Garden Inst, Lab Wild Growing Flora, Ufa, Russia.
140Tomsk State Univ, Dept Bot, Tomsk, Russia.
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 2.9 MB)
Persistent link: http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2019100230833
Language: English
Published: John Wiley & Sons, 2019
Publish Date: 2019-10-02
Description:

Abstract

Aims: Vegetation‐plot records provide information on the presence and cover or abundance of plants co‐occurring in the same community. Vegetation‐plot data are spread across research groups, environmental agencies and biodiversity research centers and, thus, are rarely accessible at continental or global scales. Here we present the sPlot database, which collates vegetation plots worldwide to allow for the exploration of global patterns in taxonomic, functional and phylogenetic diversity at the plant community level.

Results: sPlot version 2.1 contains records from 1,121,244 vegetation plots, which comprise 23,586,216 records of plant species and their relative cover or abundance in plots collected worldwide between 1885 and 2015. We complemented the information for each plot by retrieving climate and soil conditions and the biogeographic context (e.g., biomes) from external sources, and by calculating community‐weighted means and variances of traits using gap‐filled data from the global plant trait database TRY. Moreover, we created a phylogenetic tree for 50,167 out of the 54,519 species identified in the plots. We present the first maps of global patterns of community richness and community‐weighted means of key traits.

Conclusions: The availability of vegetation plot data in sPlot offers new avenues for vegetation analysis at the global scale.

see all

Series: Journal of vegetation science
ISSN: 1100-9233
ISSN-E: 1654-1103
ISSN-L: 1100-9233
Volume: 30
Issue: 2
Pages: 161 - 186
DOI: 10.1111/jvs.12710
OADOI: https://oadoi.org/10.1111/jvs.12710
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
1183 Plant biology, microbiology, virology
Subjects:
Funding: We are grateful to thousands of vegetation scientists who sampled vegetation plots in the field or digitized them into regional, national or international databases. We also appreciate the support of the German Research Foundation for funding sPlot as one of the iDiv (DFG FZT 118) research platforms, and the organization of three workshops through the sDiv calls. We acknowledge this support with naming the database “sPlot”, where the “s” refers to the sDiv synthesis workshops. The study was supported by the TRY initiative on plant traits ( http://www.try-db.org). For all further acknowledgements see Appendix S10. We thank Meelis Pärtel for his very fast and constructive feedback on an earlier version of this manuscript.
Copyright information: © 2019 The Authors. Journal of Vegetation Science published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of International Association of Vegetation Science. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
  https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/