University of Oulu

Kumar M, Hietala M and Oksman K(2019) Lignin-Based ElectrospunCarbon Nanofibers. Front. Mater. 6:62.doi: 10.3389/fmats.2019.00062

Lignin-based electrospun carbon nanofibers

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Author: Kumar, Manish1; Hietala, Maiju1; Oksman, Kristiina1,2
Organizations: 1Fibre and Particle Engineering Research Unit, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
2Division of Materials Science, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 1.1 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Frontiers Media, 2019
Publish Date: 2019-10-15


The article summarizes the scientific progress that has occurred in the past several years in regard to the preparation of carbon nanofibers from lignin as a low-cost environmentally-friendly raw material using electrospinning. It presents an overview of using lignin, electrospinning, and carbonization to convert lignin to carbon nanofibers. Lignin is a renewable source for carbon material, and it is very abundant in nature. It is mostly produced as a byproduct from the paper industry and biomass fractionation. Despite its extensive availability and beneficial properties, only a few studies have reported on its use in electronic applications. Lignin-based carbon nanofibers have a high surface area, high porosity, and good electrical conductivity; thus, it is proposed that they are suitable for future energy storage applications.

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Series: Frontiers in materials
ISSN: 2296-8016
ISSN-E: 2296-8016
ISSN-L: 2296-8016
Volume: 6
Article number: 62
DOI: 10.3389/fmats.2019.00062
Type of Publication: A2 Review article in a scientific journal
Field of Science: 221 Nanotechnology
216 Materials engineering
215 Chemical engineering
Funding: The authors gratefully acknowledge Business Finland for the financial support it provided through the Grelectronics research project. The Swedish partners thank Bio4Energy, a Swedish strategic research program, and the Swedish Research Council (VR) for their financial support.
Copyright information: © 2019 Kumar, Hietala and Oksman. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice.No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.