University of Oulu

Matias Jaskari, Jarmo Mäkikangas, Antti Järvenpää, Kari Mäntyjärvi, Pentti Karjalainen, Effect of High Porosity on Bending Fatigue Properties of 3D Printed AISI 316L Steel, Procedia Manufacturing, Volume 36, 2019, Pages 33-41, ISSN 2351-9789,

Effect of high porosity on bending fatigue properties of 3D printed AISI 316L steel

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Author: Jaskari, Matias1; Mäkikangas, Jarmo1; Järvenpää, Antti1;
Organizations: 1University of Oulu / Kerttu Saalasti Institute / FMT-group, Pajatie 5, Nivala FI-85500, Finland
2University of Oulu / Centre of Advanced Steel Research, P.O Box 4200, University of Oulu FI-90014, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 2.2 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Elsevier, 2019
Publish Date: 2019-10-16


Selective laser melting (SLM) is an effective way to produce optimized metallic parts in relatively short through-put times for various applications. The microstructure of SLM-manufactured metals is affected by the melting parameters applied, namely the total heat-input during SLM. The SLM processing can also introduce defects, such as pores and residual stresses in the part, resulting in impaired mechanical performance. Especially under dynamic loading, pores and microstructural defects can lead to premature cracking. In this study, the effects of melting parameters and the surface quality on the bending fatigue strength of SLM-manufactured AISI 316L austenitic stainless steel are demonstrated. Two sets of specimens were manufactured using two combinations of laser power and scan speed simulating a low and a high heat input. The specimens were heat-treated in a furnace at 600 °C for 120 min prior testing to relief the residual stresses. The surfaces were either as-built or electropolished conditions. The porosity existing in the specimens was estimated from the surface views. It was found that although the higher strength of the low energy density specimens increased the fatigue limit, the surface finish did not have any effect on it due to a high amount of porosity at sub-surface layers masking the effect of surface polishing.

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Series: Procedia manufacturing
ISSN: 2351-9789
ISSN-E: 2351-9789
ISSN-L: 2351-9789
Volume: 36
Pages: 33 - 41
DOI: 10.1016/j.promfg.2019.08.006
Host publication: 17th Nordic Laser Materials Processing Conference - NOLAMP17
Conference: Nordic Laser Materials Processing Conference
Type of Publication: A4 Article in conference proceedings
Field of Science: 216 Materials engineering
214 Mechanical engineering
Funding: The authors acknowledge with gratitude the financial support from European Union (EU structural funding) and Council of Oulu Region, as well as the funding from Interreg 2014-2020 program.
Copyright information: © 2019 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.