University of Oulu

Gerodontology 2017; doi: 10.1111/ger.12217 Sedative load, carious teeth and infection in the periodontium among community‐dwelling older people

Sedative load, carious teeth and infection in the periodontium among community-dwelling older people

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Author: Tiisanoja, Antti1; Syrjälä, Anna-Maija1,2; Komulainen, Kaija3,4;
Organizations: 1Department of Periodontology and Geriatric dentistry, Institute of Dentistry, University of Oulu, Finland
2Dental training clinic, Social and Health services, City of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
3School of Pharmacy, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland
4Social and Health Centre of Kuopio, Kuopio, Finland
5Department of Social Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland
6Unit of Clinical Pharmacology a nd Geriatric Pharmacotherapy, School of Pharmacy, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland
7Institute of Dentistry, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland
8Oral and Maxillofacial Department, Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland
9Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Diseases, Kuopio University Hospital, Kuopio, Finland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.5 MB)
Persistent link: http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2019102334381
Language: English
Published: John Wiley & Sons, 2017
Publish Date: 2019-10-23
Description:

Abstract

Objective: To study the relation of sedative load to carious teeth and periodontal pocketing — indication of infectious periodontal disease — among older people.

Materials and methods: This cross‐sectional study was based on a subpopulation of 158 community‐dwelling, dentate, non‐smoking, 75‐year‐old or older people from the Oral Health Geriatric Multidisciplinary Strategy study. The data were collected by interviews and clinical oral examinations during 2004–2005. Sedative load was measured by means of the sedative load model, and Poisson multivariate regression models were used to estimate relative risk (RR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI).

Results: Participants with a sedative load of either 1–2 (n = 31) or ≥3 (n = 12) had an increased likelihood of having carious teeth (RR: 1.8, CI: 1.2–2.6 and RR: 2.4, CI: 1.4–4.1, respectively) compared to participants without a sedative load. There was an inverse association between sedative load and the number of teeth with periodontal pockets.

Conclusions: Presence of dental caries was associated with the use of drugs with sedative properties. The use of drugs with sedative properties was not associated with the presence of periodontal pockets.

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Series: Gerodontology
ISSN: 0734-0664
ISSN-E: 1741-2358
ISSN-L: 0734-0664
Volume: 34
Issue: 1
Pages: 13 - 23
DOI: 10.1111/ger.12217
OADOI: https://oadoi.org/10.1111/ger.12217
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 313 Dentistry
Subjects:
Funding: The GeMS study has been supported by the Social Insurance Institute and the City of Kuopio. This part of the study was partly supported by the Finnish Dental Society. A personal grant was given to Antti Tiisanoja by the August & Lyydia Heino Foundation and Finnish Dental Society. We thank Paula Pesonen for her statistical guidance.
Copyright information: © 2015 John Wiley & Sons A/S and The Gerodontology Association. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Gerodontology 2017; doi: 10.1111/ger.12217 Sedative load, carious teeth and infection in the periodontium among community‐dwelling older people , which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/ger.12217. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.