University of Oulu

Jauhiainen, LM, Suominen, AL, Männistö, S, Knuuttila, M, Ylöstalo, PV. Periodontal condition in relation to the adherence to nutrient recommendations in daily smokers. J Clin Periodontol. 2018; 45: 636– 649. https://doi.org/10.1111/jcpe.12878

Periodontal condition in relation to the adherence to nutrient recommendations in daily smokers

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Author: Jauhiainen, Leena M.1,2; Suominen, Anna L.1,3,4,5; Männistö, Satu6;
Organizations: 1Institute of Dentistry, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland
2Oral Health Care Services, Health Centre, Kuopio, Finland
3Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Diseases, Kuopio University Hospital, Kuopio, Finland
4Living Environment and Health Unit, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Kuopio, Finland
5Public Health Evaluation and Projection Unit, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland
6Department of Public Health Solutions, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland
7Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland
8Unit of Oral Health Sciences, Medical Research Center Oulu (MRC Oulu), Oulu University Hospital and University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.6 MB)
Persistent link: http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2019102935484
Language: English
Published: John Wiley & Sons, 2018
Publish Date: 2019-10-29
Description:

Abstract

Aim: To examine whether a healthy diet based on nutrient recommendations is associated with periodontal condition in smokers.

Material and Methods: Daily smokers from the cross‐sectional Health 2000 Survey (BRIF 8901) in Finland were analysed in two age groups (30–49 and 50–79 years, n = 704 and 267) and according to the level of oral hygiene. Periodontal condition was measured as the number of sextants with gingival bleeding and teeth with ≥4 mm deepened periodontal pockets. Information on nutrition was collected by a validated food frequency questionnaire and measured using the Baltic Sea Diet Score (BSDS) and the Recommended Finnish Diet Score (RFDS).

Results: In the total study population, no association between the scores and periodontal condition was observed. Among 30‐ to 49‐year‐old participants with good oral hygiene, diet scores associated inversely with the number of teeth with deepened periodontal pockets (p = .078 (BSDS) and p = .027 (RFDS)).

Conclusions: In a representative sample of Finnish adults who smoke, a healthy diet was not associated with periodontal condition. Among a younger age group with good oral hygiene, a healthy diet associated with better periodontal condition. Age and oral hygiene appeared to modify the association between diet and periodontal condition.

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Series: Journal of clinical periodontology
ISSN: 0303-6979
ISSN-E: 1600-051X
ISSN-L: 0303-6979
Volume: 45
Issue: 6
Pages: 636 - 649
DOI: 10.1111/jcpe.12878
OADOI: https://oadoi.org/10.1111/jcpe.12878
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 313 Dentistry
Subjects:
Funding: This study is part of the Health 2000 Survey, organized by the National Institute for Health and Welfare THL, the former Public Health Institute (KTL) of Finland (http://www.terveys2000.fi/indexe.html), and partly supported by the Finnish Dental Society Apollonia and the Finnish Dental Association. Personal grants to Leena Jauhiainen from the Finnish Dental Society Apollonia and the Olvi‐foundation are acknowledged.
Copyright information: © 2018 John Wiley & Sons A/S. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Jauhiainen, LM, Suominen, AL, Männistö, S, Knuuttila, M, Ylöstalo, PV. Periodontal condition in relation to the adherence to nutrient recommendations in daily smokers. J Clin Periodontol. 2018; 45: 636– 649. https://doi.org/10.1111/jcpe.12878, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/jcpe.12878. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.