University of Oulu

Mikkonen, K, Koskinen, M, Koskinen, C, et al. Qualitative study of social and healthcare educators’ perceptions of their competence in education. Health Soc Care Community. 2019; 27: 1555– 1563. https://doi.org/10.1111/hsc.12827

Qualitative study of social and healthcare educators’ perceptions of their competence in education

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Author: Mikkonen, Kristina1; Koskinen, Monika2; Koskinen, Camilla2;
Organizations: 1Research Unit of Nursing Science and Health Management, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
2Faculty of Education and Welfare Studies, Åbo Akademi University, Turku, Finland
3Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland
4Degree Programme in Physiotherapy, Tampere University of Applied Sciences, Tampere, Finland
5Pedagogical R&D, Tampere University of Applied Sciences, Tampere, Finland
6Degree Programme in Social Services, Tampere University of Applied Sciences, Tampere, Finland
7Faculty of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland
8Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing Science, University of Turku, Turku, Finland
9Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Nursing Science, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland
10Medical Research Center Oulu, Oulu University Hospital and University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
11The Finnish Centre for Evidence‐Based Health Care: A Joanna Briggs Institute Centre of Excellence, Helsinki, Finland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: embargoed
Persistent link: http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2019103035791
Language: English
Published: John Wiley & Sons, 2019
Publish Date: 2020-08-27
Description:

Abstract

Competent educators are needed to ensure that social and healthcare professionals are effective and highly competent. However, there is too little evidence‐based knowledge of current and required enhancements of educators’ competences in this field. The aim of this study was to describe social and healthcare educators’ perceptions of their competence in education. The study had a qualitative design, based on interviews with educators and rooted in critical realism. Forty‐eight participants were recruited from seven universities of applied sciences and two vocational colleges in Finland, with the assistance of contact persons nominated by the institutions. The inclusion criterion for participation was employment by an educational institution as a part‐time or full‐time, social and/or healthcare educator. Data were collected in the period February–April 2018. The participants were interviewed in 16 focus groups with two to five participants per group. The acquired data were subjected to inductive content analysis, which yielded 506 open codes, 48 sub‐categories, nine categories and one main category. The educators’ competence was defined as a multidimensional construct, including categories of educators’ competences in practicing as an educator, subject, ethics, pedagogy, management and organisation, innovation and development, collaboration, handling cultural and linguistic diversity, and continuous professional development. Educators recognised the need for developing competence in innovation to meet rapid changes in a competitive and increasingly global sociopolitical environment. Enhancement of adaptability to rapid changes was recognised as a necessity. The findings have social value in identifying requirements to improve social and healthcare educators’ competence by helping educational leadership to improve educational standards, construct a continuous education framework and create national and/or international curricula for teacher education degree programs to enhance the quality of education. We also suggest that educational leadership needs to establish, maintain and strengthen collaborative strategies to provide effective, adaptable support systems, involving educators and students, in their working practices.

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Series: Health & social care in the community
ISSN: 0966-0410
ISSN-E: 1365-2524
ISSN-L: 0966-0410
Volume: 27
Issue: 6
Pages: 1555 - 1563
DOI: 10.1111/hsc.12827
OADOI: https://oadoi.org/10.1111/hsc.12827
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 316 Nursing
Subjects:
Funding: This research is part of the TerOpe project funded by the Ministry of Education and Culture in Finland. We acknowledge the Ministry of Education and Culture for providing us with this opportunity to further research in the area of teacher competence. We also express our appreciation to the research assistance for participating in data collection of this research. Finally, we acknowledge Sees‐Editing Ltd (http://www.seesediting.co.uk) service for improving the language and helping us to communicate our findings to readers of the Journal.
Copyright information: © 2019 John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Mikkonen, K, Koskinen, M, Koskinen, C, et al. Qualitative study of social and healthcare educators’ perceptions of their competence in education. Health Soc Care Community. 2019; 27: 1555– 1563. https://doi.org/10.1111/hsc.12827, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/hsc.12827. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.