Antikainen, A, Patinen, P, Päkkilä, J, Tjäderhane, L, Anttonen, V. The types and management of dental trauma during military service in Finland. Dent Traumatol. 2018; 34: 87– 92. https://doi.org/10.1111/edt.12380
The types and management of dental trauma during military service in Finland
|Author:||Antikainen, Atte1; Patinen, Pertti2; Päkkilä, Jari3;|
1Institute of Dentistry, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
2Centre for Military Medicine, Finnish Defence Forces, Riihimäki, Finland
3Department of Mathematical Sciences, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
4Department of Cariology, Endodontology and Pediatric Dentistry, Research Unit of Oral Health Sciences, University of Oulu, Finland
5University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
6Medical Research Center, University of Oulu, Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland
|Online Access:||PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.3 MB)|
|Persistent link:|| http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2019110136211
John Wiley & Sons,
|Publish Date:|| 2019-11-01
Background/Aims: All Finnish males must attend compulsory military service that lasts from 6 months to 1 year. About 25 000 males (approximately 80% of each age cohort) and 400 volunteer females complete the service annually. The aim of the study was to investigate the types of dental trauma occurring among Finnish conscripts during their military service. The article also focused on how dental trauma is treated in the Finnish Defence Forces.
Material and Methods: All dental records in the Defence Forces’ patient register concerning dental trauma during the years 2011 and 2012 were analysed by tooth number, treatment procedures and number of visits.
Results: According to the patient register, 361 conscripts suffered an oral trauma during their military service; thus, the average annual incidence was 7.2 trauma per 1000 conscripts. A total of 483 teeth were traumatized in the 2‐year period. The most frequently traumatized teeth were the maxillary central incisors (61%), and the most common findings were enamel or enamel‐dentin fractures (63% of all findings). Severe trauma was not common, and the most severe ones occurred during off‐duty hours. The most common treatment was direct filling (n = 189 patients). Only 53 patients had soft tissue injuries (bruises, wounds). Among patients with dental trauma, the mean number of visits to the Defence Forces’ dental clinic was 1.9. Great variation exists in recording findings concerning dental and oral trauma.
Conclusion: Minor trauma is common. In all cases, recording trauma and treatments should be performed carefully.
|Pages:||87 - 92|
|Type of Publication:||
A1 Journal article – refereed
|Field of Science:||
© 2017 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Antikainen, A, Patinen, P, Päkkilä, J, Tjäderhane, L, Anttonen, V. The types and management of dental trauma during military service in Finland. Dent Traumatol. 2018; 34: 87– 92. https://doi.org/10.1111/edt.12380, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/edt.12380. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.