Localization of nucleic acid-sensing toll-like receptors in human and mouse pancreas
|Author:||Helminen, Olli1; Huhta, Heikki1; Kauppila, Joonas H.1;|
1Departments of Pathology, Surgery, Anatomy and Cell Biology, University of Oulu, Oulu, Medical Research Center Oulu, Oulu and Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland
2Departments of Surgery, Anatomy and Cell Biology, University of Oulu, Oulu, Medical Research Center Oulu, Oulu and Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland
3Departments of Surgery, University of Oulu, Oulu, Medical Research Center Oulu, Oulu and Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland
4Departments of Pathology, University of Oulu, Oulu, Medical Research Center Oulu, Oulu and Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland
|Online Access:||PDF Full Text (PDF, 1.7 MB)|
|Persistent link:|| http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2019110636811
John Wiley & Sons,
|Publish Date:|| 2019-11-06
Nucleic acid‐sensing toll‐like receptors (TLRs) (3, 7, 8, 9) have a role both in antiviral innate immunity and in autoimmune disorders. We assessed the expression of TLR3, 7, 8 and 9 in human and mouse pancreas focusing on the subpopulations of cells in the Langerhans islets. We studied eight human samples with normal pancreatic islets and two samples from patients with type 1 diabetes. Additionally, 10 CD‐1 mouse pancreases were analysed. Immunohistochemical double‐stainings for the TLRs and insulin, glucagon or somatostatin, respectively, were performed along with appropriate controls. In human pancreas, strong immunoreaction of TLR7 and TLR8 was observed in the insulin‐positive beta cells, whereas glucagon‐ or somatostatin‐expressing cells of the islets were weakly stained or negative. In type 1 diabetes, the expression in islets was weak or lost (TLR7: p = 0.014, TLR8: p = 0.053), correlating with loss of beta cells. TLR3 and 9 were expressed only weakly with no correlation with specific cell types. In mouse pancreas, only TLR9 was detected. Intra‐pancreatic nerve ganglia strongly expressed TLR7. The strong expression of TLR7 and TLR8 in the beta cells of normal human islets could be an important piece in the puzzle of type 1 diabetes pathogenesis, and be linked with destruction of this particular subpopulation of the islet cells. In normal mice, only TLR9 can be constantly detected in the islets, highlighting differences between the species.
|Pages:||85 - 92|
|Type of Publication:||
A1 Journal article – refereed
|Field of Science:||
3126 Surgery, anesthesiology, intensive care, radiology
This work was supported by the following grants. Päivikki and Sakari Sohlberg Foundation, Thelma Mäkikyrö Foundation, the Emil Aaltonen Foundation, Georg C. and Mary Ehrnroot Foundation, and the Finnish Medical Foundation.
© 2016 APMIS. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Helminen, O, Huhta, H, Kauppila, JH, Lehenkari, PP, Saarnio, J, Karttunen, TJ. Localization of nucleic acid‐sensing toll‐like receptors in human and mouse pancreas. APMIS 2017; 125: 85– 92, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/apm.12632. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.