University of Oulu

Bergna D. et al. (2017) Activated Carbon from Renewable Sources: Thermochemical Conversion and Activation of Biomass and Carbon Residues from Biomass Gasification. In: Singh L., Kalia V. (eds) Waste Biomass Management – A Holistic Approach. Springer, Cham.

Activated carbon from renewable sources : thermochemical conversion and activation of biomass and carbon residues from biomass gasification

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Author: Bergna, Davide1,2; Romar, Henrik1,2; Tuomikoski, Sari1;
Organizations: 1Research Unit of Sustainable Chemistry, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 3000, Oulu 90014, Finland
2Applied Chemistry Unit, University of Jyvaskyla, Kokkola University Consortium Chydenius, Talonpojankatu 2B, 67100 Kokkola, Finland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 1.8 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Springer Nature, 2017
Publish Date: 2019-11-06


Activated carbon is one of the most widely applied adsorbent. As a porous carbon, it is used for the purification of both gaseous and liquid emissions. Activated carbon is prepared from fossil resources, such as coal, or from biomass through (hydro)thermal processing followed by chemical and/or physical activation. Further, some biomass thermal treatment processes, such as biomass gasification, produce carbon residues that can be modified to activated carbon with physical or chemical activation methods. The desired properties of activated carbon, i.e. high specific surface area and porosity, high carbon content and excellent sorption capacity, can be modified and optimized during thermochemical treatment and activation. Those properties, which are shortly considered, are important in different applications for activated carbon.

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ISBN: 978-3-319-49595-8
ISBN Print: 978-3-319-49594-1
Pages: 187 - 213
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-49595-8_9
Host publication: Waste biomass management : a holistic approach
Host publication editor: Singh, Lakhveer
Kalia, Vipin Chandra
Type of Publication: A3 Book chapter
Field of Science: 116 Chemical sciences
215 Chemical engineering
Funding: The authors wish to thank the EU Interreg Nord programme within the project no 304-8455-10 (HighBio2-Biomass to fuels and chemicals) and accompanying companies for their financial and technical support. The authors also thank project SULKA (A32164, 524/2012) and Maa- ja vesitekniikan tuki ry. Davide Bergna acknowledges the Central Ostrobothnia Regional Fund for its personal grant.
Copyright information: © Springer International Publishing AG 2017. This is a post-peer-review, pre-copyedit version of an article published in Waste Biomass Management – A Holistic Approach. The final authenticated version is available online at: