University of Oulu

Svetlana Oshukova, Riittakerttu Kaltiala-Heino, Jouko Miettunen, Riikka Marttila, Eeva T. Aronen, Mauri Marttunen, Matti Kaivosoja & Nina Lindberg (2017) Self-rated psychopathic traits in a sample of treatment-seeking adolescent girls with internalizing and externalizing disorders: comparisons to girls in the community, Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, 71:3, 210-216, DOI: 10.1080/08039488.2016.1265583

Self-rated psychopathic traits in a sample of treatment-seeking adolescent girls with internalizing and externalizing disorders : comparisons to girls in the community

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Author: Oshukova, Svetlana1; Kaltiala-Heino, Riittakerttu2,3,4; Miettunen, Jouko5,6,7;
Organizations: 1University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Hospital, Psychiatry, Helsinki, Finland
2Tampere University, School of Medicine, Tampere, Finland
3Tampere University Hospital, Department of Adolescent Psychiatry, Tampere, Finland
4Vanha Vaasa Hospital, Vaasa, Finland
5Research Unit of Clinical Neuroscience, Department of Psychiatry, University of Oulu and Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland
6Medical Research Center Oulu, Oulu University Hospital and University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
7Center for Life Course Health Research, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
8University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Hospital, Children’s Hospital, Child Psychiatry, Helsinki, Finland
9University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Hospital, Adolescent Psychiatry, Helsinki, Finland
10National Institute for Health and Welfare, Mental Health Unit, Helsinki, Finland
11Turku University, Department of Child Psychiatry, Turku, Finland
12Hospital Districts of Central Ostrobothnia, Kokkola, Finland
13University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Hospital, Forensic Psychiatry, Helsinki, Finland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.3 MB)
Persistent link: http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2019110837250
Language: English
Published: Informa, 2017
Publish Date: 2019-11-08
Description:

Abstract

Background: Psychopathy research has thus far focused mostly on child, male, and delinquent samples, but the results are most likely non-generalizable to adolescent girls with mental health disorders.

Aim: The present study aimed to compare self-rated psychopathic traits between female psychiatric outpatients and girls in the community, and to investigate how psychopathic traits relate to psychiatric disorders.

Method: The outpatient sample comprised 163 girls aged 15–17-years recruited from municipal mental health services. Psychiatric diagnoses were assessed based on the ICD-10 classification. The community sample comprised 355 girls from secondary, vocational, and high schools. The Youth Psychopathic trait Inventory (YPI) served as a self-assessment tool.

Results: Treatment-seeking girls exhibit a more impulsive and irresponsible lifestyle than do girls in the community. Girls with externalizing psychopathology, unlike those with an internalizing disorder, exhibit more deficient affective experience than do girls in the community. Psychopathic traits associate with having a psychiatric disorder, a depressive disorder, ADHD, and a conduct disorder.

Conclusions: The psychiatric examination of treatment-seeking adolescent girls would likely benefit from screening for psychopathy and its underlying components.

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Series: Nordic journal of psychiatry
ISSN: 0803-9488
ISSN-E: 1502-4725
ISSN-L: 0803-9488
Volume: 71
Issue: 3
Pages: 210 - 216
DOI: 10.1080/08039488.2016.1265583
OADOI: https://oadoi.org/10.1080/08039488.2016.1265583
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 3124 Neurology and psychiatry
Subjects:
Funding: This study received funding from the Helsinki and Uusimaa Hospital District and Academy of Finland (#268336). We thank the authorities of the Department of Psychiatry, Helsinki University Hospital and Kellokoski Hospital.
Copyright information: © Taylor & Francis 2016. This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Nordic Journal of Psychiatry on 13.12.2016, available online: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/08039488.2016.1265583.