University of Oulu

Koski, T. P. K., Hintsanen, M., Miettunen, J., Ek, E., Salo, H., Jääskeläinen, E., & Ala-Mursula, L. (2019). Temperament and Early Intentions to Retire. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 61(2), 136–143.

Temperament and early intentions to retire : a Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966 Study

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Author: Koski, Tomi P. K.1,2; Hintsanen, Mirka3; Miettunen, Jouko1,2;
Organizations: 1Center for Life Course Health Research, University of Oulu
2Medical Research Center Oulu, Oulu University Hospital and University of Oulu
3Unit of Psychology, Faculty of Education, University of Oulu
4Department of Psychology, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.4 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Wolters Kluwer, 2019
Publish Date: 2019-11-14


Objective: To examine associations between temperament traits and early retirement intentions.

Methods: In the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966, we analyzed early retirement intentions at the age 46 according to Cloninger temperament traits at the age 46 (n = 4409) and at the age 31 (n = 3226). Ordinal logistic regression analyses were used. Adjustments were made for marital status, education, work type, job satisfaction, perceived health, and mental health problems.

Results: 11% of men and 9% of women had strong retirement intentions. Especially higher harm avoidance was associated with higher early retirement intentions in both sexes at the age of 46. A similar pattern of results, although with weaker associations, was found for temperament assessed at the age of 31.

Conclusions: Temperament and especially harm avoidance is related to early retirement intentions.

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Series: Journal of occupational and environmental medicine
ISSN: 1076-2752
ISSN-E: 1536-5948
ISSN-L: 1076-2752
Volume: 61
Issue: 2
Pages: 136 - 143
DOI: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000001501
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
515 Psychology
Copyright information: © 2019 by the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published in Occupational and Environmental Medicine. The Definitive Version of Record can be found online at: