University of Oulu

Saari, Maria Helena & Gómez-Galán, José (2019). Innovative educational models for nonhuman animal protection : a case study on a European school scheme. International Journal of Educational Excellence, 5(1), 95-114. doi:10.18562/IJEE.045

Innovative educational models for nonhuman animal protection : a case study on a European school scheme

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Author: Saari, Maria Helena1; Gómez-Galán, José2
Organizations: 1Faculty of Education, P.O. Box 2000, FI-90014 University of Oulu, Finland
2Ana G. Méndez University (Puerto Rico-United States) and University of Extremadura (Spain)
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.2 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Universidad Ana G. Méndez, 2019
Publish Date: 2019-11-21


The transformation of pedagogical processes in relation to the image offered about non-human animals in schools is currently urgent. Above all, it is essential to strengthen the ethical and moral dimension of these educational actions. As a case study, this article has as its main objective to explore distribution plans school milk schemes through humane education and examines the sustainability of such schemes using, as a methodological basis, the guiding questions posed by the True Price lesson plan created by the Institute for Humane Education. The European Union invests 100 million euros annually into school milk subsidies and this paper will examine whose interests are protected and promoted through school milk schemes and what are the environmental, health, and animal protection issues involved in the dairy industry. This theoretical work aims to demonstrate how humane education can be used to tackle topics that normally go undiscussed in schools and how to cultivate critical thinking and how humane education has the potential to represent a new model of environmental education that takes a much-needed interdisciplinary approach that combines animal and environmental protection and social justice. Throughout this process, teacher training is also crucial. Among the conclusions obtained, it is possible to determine, among other actions, how teacher training is decisive for achieving these goals. For this reason, this new and necessary pedagogical approach should also be integrated into the university.

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Series: International journal of educational excellence
ISSN: 2373-5929
ISSN-E: 2373-5929
ISSN-L: 2373-5929
Volume: 5
Issue: 1
Pages: 95 - 114
DOI: 10.18562/IJEE.045
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 516 Educational sciences
Copyright information: © 2019 Saari and Gómez-Galán, licensee International Journal of Educactional Excellence, Universidad Ana G. Méndez (UAGM). This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited.