University of Oulu

Hanna Jantunen, Niko Wasenius, Minna K Salonen, Mia-Maria Perälä, Clive Osmond, Hannu Kautiainen, Mika Simonen, Pertti Pohjolainen, Eero Kajantie, Taina Rantanen, Mikaela Birgitta von Bonsdorff, Johan G Eriksson, Objectively measured physical activity and physical performance in old age, Age and Ageing, Volume 46, Issue 2, March 2017, Pages 232–237, https://doi.org/10.1093/ageing/afw194

Objectively measured physical activity and physical performance in old age

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Author: Jantunen, Hanna1,2; Wasenius, Niko3,2; Salonen, Minna K.4;
Organizations: 1Folkhalsan, Helsinki, Finland
2Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care, Helsingin Yliopisto Laaketieteellinen tiedekunta Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland
3Folkhälsan Research Center, Helsinki, Finland
4Department of Health, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland
5MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK
6Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
7Department of Social Research, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
8Age Institute, Helsinki, Finland
9Chronic Disease Prevention Unit, Terveyden ja hyvinvoinnin laitos, Helsinki, Finland
10Helsinki University Hospital and University of Helsinki-Children’s Hospital, Helsinki, Finland
11PEDEGO Research Unit, MRC Oulu, Oulu University Hospital and University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
12Gerontology Research Center and Department of Health Sciences, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.2 MB)
Persistent link: http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2019112243730
Language: English
Published: Oxford University Press, 2017
Publish Date: 2019-11-22
Description:

Abstract

Background: Physical performance is a key factor that determines how older people cope with daily tasks and maintain independency. There is strong evidence suggesting that physical activity (PA) is important in maintaining physical performance in old age. However, most studies have been done using self-reported PA. Our aim was to explore the association between objectively measured PA and physical performance in old age.

Methods: We studied 695 participants (mean age 70.7 years, SD 2.7) from the Helsinki Birth Cohort Study. Physical performance was assessed with the Senior Fitness Test (SFT) and PA with a multisensory activity monitor SenseWear Pro 3 Armband.

Results: Total volume of PA was significantly associated with the overall SFT score (β = 0.08; 95% confidence interval: 0.07–0.10, P < 0.001). There were no significant differences between men and women. Both light and moderate to vigorous level of PA were positively associated with the overall SFT score, while sedentary time was negatively associated with the overall SFT score.

Conclusions: Volume of objectively measured PA among older people was positively associated with the physical performance measured with a validated fitness test battery.

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Series: Age and ageing
ISSN: 0002-0729
ISSN-E: 1468-2834
ISSN-L: 0002-0729
Volume: 46
Issue: 2
Pages: 232 - 237
DOI: 10.1093/ageing/afw194
OADOI: https://oadoi.org/10.1093/ageing/afw194
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 3121 General medicine, internal medicine and other clinical medicine
3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
Subjects:
Copyright information: © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Geriatrics Society. All rights reserved. This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced version of an article accepted for publication in Age and Ageing following peer review. The version of record Hanna Jantunen, Niko Wasenius, Minna K Salonen, Mia-Maria Perälä, Clive Osmond, Hannu Kautiainen, Mika Simonen, Pertti Pohjolainen, Eero Kajantie, Taina Rantanen, Mikaela Birgitta von Bonsdorff, Johan G Eriksson, Objectively measured physical activity and physical performance in old age, Age and Ageing, Volume 46, Issue 2, March 2017, Pages 232–237, https://doi.org/10.1093/ageing/afw194 is available online at: https://doi.org/10.1093/ageing/afw194.