University of Oulu

Jean-Nicolas Louis, Stéphane Allard, Freideriki Kotrotsou, Vincent Debusschere, A multi-objective approach to the prospective development of the European power system by 2050, Energy, Volume 191, 2020, 116539, ISSN 0360-5442,

A multi-objective approach to the prospective development of the European power system by 2050

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Author: Louis, Jean-Nicolas1; Allard, Stéphane2,3,4; Kotrotsou, Freideriki2;
Organizations: 1University of Oulu, Faculty of Technology, Water, Energy and Environmental Engineering, P.O.Box 4300, FI-90014, Oulu, Finland
2Univ. Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, Grenoble INP, G2Elab, 38000, Grenoble, France
3Univ. Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, Grenoble INP, GAEL/EDDEN, 38000, Grenoble, France
4CEA-INES, 50 avenue du Lac Léman, 73375, Le Bourget-du-Lac, France
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 3.1 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Elsevier, 2020
Publish Date: 2019-11-26


This paper reports the recent work carried out to engage both the environmental impact and the economic indicators on the prioritisation of dispatchable technologies in the European energy mix up to 2050. Those two contradictory indicators are incorporated in a multi-criteria optimisation leading to iterations of two scenario: business as usual and 2 °C climate policy. The results present the evolution of the climate change emission versus the operational costs of the power system up to 2050. The yearly electricity mix evaluations allow assessing the long-term development of the European energy system, where a focus is done on variable renewable energy production. It is shown that policy-only solutions, associated with a traditional cost-oriented optimisation, have a limited impact on helping the power sector to reach emission levels targets. Integrating the objective of reducing emissions to the management of power plants would reduce the absolute and cumulative carbon dioxide equivalent emissions. The counterpart is that the system electricity price tends to increase faster thus implying increased social costs.

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Series: Energy
ISSN: 0360-5442
ISSN-E: 0360-5442
ISSN-L: 0360-5442
Volume: 191
Article number: 116539
DOI: 10.1016/
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 218 Environmental engineering
Copyright information: © 2019 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0).