University of Oulu

Aprialdi, D.; Haiban, M.I.; Kløve, B.; Torabi Haghighi, A. Irrigation Requirement for Eucalyptus pellita during Initial Growth. Water 2019, 11, 1972.

Irrigation requirement for Eucalyptus pellita during initial growth

Saved in:
Author: Aprialdi, Dwinata1,2; Haiban, Muhammad Ibnu1; Kløve, Bjørn2;
Organizations: 1Research and Development Department, PT. Arara Abadi, Sinarmas Forestry, Perawang, Riau 28685, Indonesia
2Water, Energy and Environmental Engineering Research Unit, PO Box 4300, University of Oulu, 90014 Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.9 MB)
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, 2019
Publish Date: 2019-12-02


The growth of Eucalyptus pellita in forestry plantations requires attention to water requirements, especially in the initial growth phase from seedling to field-ready plant. In this study, actual evapotranspiration (ETa), crop coefficient (Kc), and the irrigation requirement of E. pellita were assessed during the nursery growth phase (day 40–142). The experimental set-up included lysimeters with different treatments in terms of plants, drainage, and soil conditions. Plant growth and water balance were monitored during June September 2018 in an open nursery area in Riau, Indonesia. ETa was determined by the water balance lysimeter method and potential (reference) evapotranspiration (ETo) was extracted based on the Penman-Monteith method (FAO/56). The results showed that the average Kc value for E. pellita at age 40–142 days is 0.79, which exceeds that reported for E. grandis. The recommended irrigation requirement varies depending on precipitation, from 70 mL/plant/day with no rainfall to zero at precipitation of >30 mm/day. This is the first study to assess water use in E. pellita growing in pots during the nursery phase, which provides guidance on irrigation requirements during their initial growth phase.

see all

Series: Water
ISSN: 2073-4441
ISSN-E: 2073-4441
ISSN-L: 2073-4441
Volume: 11
Issue: 10
Article number: 1972
DOI: 10.3390/w11101972
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 1171 Geosciences
Funding: The author would like to thank Gurdeep D. Golani as Dy CEO of Sinarmas Forestry for providing support so the author can join in Doctoral Degree Program. The study was financially supported by PT. Arara Abadi (Sinarmas Forestry) and scientifically supported by the Doctoral Degree Program at the Water, Energy and Environmental Engineering Research Unit, University of Oulu, Finland.
Copyright information: © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (