University of Oulu

Jantunen, H, Wasenius, N, Salonen, MK, et al. Change in physical activity and health‐related quality of life in old age—A 10‐year follow‐up study. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2019; 29: 1797– 1804. https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.13501

Change in physical activity and health-related quality of life in old age-A 10-year follow-up study

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Author: Jantunen, Hanna1,2; Wasenius, Niko1,2; Salonen, Minna K.3;
Organizations: 1Folkhälsan Research Center, Helsinki, Finland
2Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care, Helsinki University Hospital, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
3Chronic Disease Prevention Unit, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland
4Department of Health Sciences, Gerontology Research Center, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland
5Children's Hospital, Helsinki University Hospital, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
6PEDEGO Research Unit, MRC Oulu, Oulu University Hospital, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.8 MB)
Persistent link: http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2019120946182
Language: English
Published: John Wiley & Sons, 2019
Publish Date: 2020-06-17
Description:

Abstract

The aim of the study was to examine the association between change in leisure‐time physical activity (LTPA) and change in health‐related quality of life (HRQoL) and symptoms of depression during a 10‐year follow‐up. This prospective study included 1036 men and women (mean age at baseline = 61.2 years) from the Helsinki Birth Cohort Study. Leisure‐time physical activity was measured with a questionnaire, HRQoL with SF36 and depression symptoms with Beck’s depression inventory (BDI). The association between the change in LTPA and change in HRQoL and BDI were investigated with sex‐stratified general linear models adjusted for age, smoking, educational attainment, comorbidity score, and baseline value of outcomes. One standard deviation (SD) increase in LTPA was associated with increase in physical summary component of HRQoL in women (B = 0.7 unit, 95% CI = 0.1‐1.3, P = 0.032) and in men (B = 0.8 unit, 95% CI = 0.2‐1.5, P = 0.014). In women, the 1SD increase in LTPA was also associated with an increase in mental summary component score (B = 1.0, 95% CI = 0.3‐1.7, P = 0.005) and a reduction in depressive symptoms (B = −0.7, 95% CI = −1.1 to −0.2, P = 0.003). In conclusion, increase in the volume of LTPA over a 10‐year period in late adulthood was associated with improved HRQoL in both men and women, and also diminished depressive symptoms in women. The findings support the promotion of physical activity in later years to enhance HRQoL and mental well‐being.

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Series: Scandinavian journal of medicine & science in sports
ISSN: 0905-7188
ISSN-E: 1600-0838
ISSN-L: 0905-7188
Volume: 29
Issue: 11
Pages: 1797 - 1804
DOI: 10.1111/sms.13501
OADOI: https://oadoi.org/10.1111/sms.13501
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
315 Sport and fitness sciences
Subjects:
Copyright information: © 2019 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd . This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Jantunen, H, Wasenius, N, Salonen, MK, et al. Change in physical activity and health‐related quality of life in old age—A 10‐year follow‐up study. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2019; 29: 1797– 1804, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.13501. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.