University of Oulu

Arvola, J., Belt, P., Härkönen, J., Kess, P. and Imppola, R. (2012) ’Biogas as an option for industrial applications’, International Journal of Sustainable Economy, Vol. 4, No. 1, pp. 71-88.

Biogas as an option for industrial applications

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Author: Arvola, Jouko1; Belt, Pekka1; Härkönen, Janne1;
Organizations: 1Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, University of Oulu, Finland, P.O. Box 4610, FI-90014 University of Oulu, Finland
2School of Renewable Natural Resources, Oulu University of Applied Sciences, Metsakouluntie, FI-90660 Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.6 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Inderscience, 2012
Publish Date: 2019-12-10


Biogas is typically burned to produce electricity or used as vehicle fuel. This case study analyses possibilities to utilise biogas directly in industrial applications to replace current fossil raw materials. True industrial cases are analysed by considering economic impacts of using either landfill gas or gas produced from biomass. Utilisation of biogas is economically viable and technically possible. However, for biogas to be an economical alternative as a raw material, investment supports for biogas production and farming subsidies are required in the same manner as currently for food production. Landfill gas is a real option for large landfills or small industrial needs.

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Series: International journal of sustainable economy
ISSN: 1756-5804
ISSN-E: 1756-5812
ISSN-L: 1756-5804
Volume: 4
Issue: 1
Pages: 71 - 88
DOI: 10.1504/IJSE.2012.043996
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 222 Other engineering and technologies
Copyright information: © 2012 Inderscience Publishers. The final authenticated version is available online at: