University of Oulu

M. Neitola, "Practical Stimulus Design for a Multi-Tone Fit," 2019 IEEE Nordic Circuits and Systems Conference (NORCAS): NORCHIP and International Symposium of System-on-Chip (SoC), Helsinki, Finland, 2019, pp. 1-7. doi: 10.1109/NORCHIP.2019.8906952

Practical stimulus design for a multi-tone fit

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Author: Neitola, Marko1
Organizations: 1CAS research unit, Faculty of Information Technology and Electrical Engineering, University of Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.3 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2019
Publish Date: 2019-12-17


A multi-tone measurement can be used to characterize the noise and distortion of a device or a system. Such assessment can be accomplished by a least-squares sinusoidal fit, which is widely analyzed in the prior art. The IEEE standard sinusoidal least-squares fit (sinefit) can be quite easily expanded to multiple tones, real or complex. From a designer point-of-view, the challenge is to generate a proper stimulus. The design questions in such case are the following: ”How do I design the tone spacing?”, ”What is the minimum record length of the stimulus with n tones?”, ”Can I use the 3-parameter fit (known frequencies)?”, ”How many iterations do I need in the 4-parameter fit (unknown frequencies)?” and ”How accurate the initial guess of the frequencies have to be for the 4-parameter fit?”. This study strives to answer the aforementioned questions with reflections to the analytical results from prior art.

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ISBN: 978-1-7281-2769-9
ISBN Print: 978-1-7281-2770-5
Pages: 1 - 7
DOI: 10.1109/NORCHIP.2019.8906952
Host publication: 2019 IEEE Nordic Circuits and Systems Conference (NORCAS): NORCHIP and International Symposium of System-on-Chip (SoC) 29-30 Oct 2019 Helsinki, Finland
Conference: IEEE Nordic Circuits and Systems Conference
Type of Publication: A4 Article in conference proceedings
Field of Science: 213 Electronic, automation and communications engineering, electronics
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