University of Oulu

Pohjosenperä, Timo; Kotavaara, Ossi; Juga, Jari (2019) Co₂ emissions in healthcare logistics assessing the effects of green logistics initiatives. In : Tore Listou (ed.) The Proceedings of 31st Annual NOFOMA Conference 12-14 June 2019, Oslo Norway. pp. 1-5.

Co₂ emissions in healthcare logistics assessing the effects of green logistics initiatives

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Author: Pohjosenperä, Timo1; Kotavaara, Ossi2; Juga, Jari1
Organizations: 1University of Oulu, Oulu Business School, Department of Marketing, Management and International Business
2University of Oulu, Faculty of Science, Geography Research Unit
Format: abstract
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.3 MB)
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: BI - Norwegian Business School; Norwegian Defence University College (NODUC), 2019
Publish Date: 2020-01-08


Purpose: The purpose of the study is to find an ecologically sustainable delivery model for healthcare material logistics in reducing CO₂ emissions and reaching the societal goals of environmental sustainability.

Design/methodology/approach: The analysis is made by applying geographical information systems (GIS)-based route allocation, which is based on, and later referred to, the qualitative data from the interviews and focus group discussions.

Findings: The paper lists the most well/known and recent initiatives in green logistics/supply chain management and assesses their impact in reaching lower CO₂ emissions in healthcare logistics. Comparing back-and-forth and tour-based delivery routes results in 74 per cent fewer driving kilometres and 37 per cent lower CO₂ emissions for the latter scenario.

Research limitations/implications: The saving in driving kilometres follows the earlier comparisons between back-and-forth and tour-based delivery strategies. Savings in CO₂ emissions, however, are less due to the bigger vehicles in delivery tours. As a main implication, these results offer a calculated background for the next research phase, including discussions and interviews to clarify possibilities for environmental sustainability in healthcare logistics.

Practical implications: Hospitals, hospital districts, city organisations and privately-owned healthcare services can use the results in developing their services to reach the set and aspired goals in environmental efficiency.

Social implications: Societies are aiming for lower CO₂ emissions. Especially in the case region, the current healthcare reform offers momentum for renewing the logistics solutions to match the set goals.

Original/value: Healthcare logistics offer a novel perspective on environmental sustainability.

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Pages: 1 - 5
Host publication: The Proceedings of 31st Annual NOFOMA Conference 12-14 June 2019, Oslo Norway
Host publication editor: Listou, Tore
Conference: Annual Nordic logistics research network conference (NOFOMA)
Field of Science: 1171 Geosciences
512 Business and management
Funding: The study was carried out in the project “Low carbon logistics in local social and healthcare services”, which is funded by the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) for the period 1.3.2018– 29.2.2020.
Copyright information: © 2019 The Authors.