University of Oulu

Su, Z., Pietikäinen, M., Liu, L., BIRD : learning binary and illumination robust descriptor for face recognition, 30th British Machine Visison Conference : BMVC 2019. 9th-12th September 2019, Cardiff, UK, p. 1-12

BIRD : learning binary and illumination robust descriptor for face recognition

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Author: Su, Zhuo1; Pietikäinen, Matti1; Liu, Li2,1
Organizations: 1Center for Machine Vision and Signal Analysis, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
2College of System Engineering, National University of Defense Technology, China
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 2.6 MB)
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Cardiff University, 2019
Publish Date: 2020-01-13


Recently face recognition has made significantly progress due to the advancement of large scale Deep Convolutional Neural Network (DeepCNNs). Despite the great success, the known deficiencies of DeepCNNs have not been addressed, such as the need for too much labeled training data, energy hungry, lack of theoretical interpretability, lack of robustness to image transformations and degradations, and vulnerable to attacks, which limit DeepCNNs to be used in many real world applications. Therefore, these factors make previous predominating Local Binary Patterns (LBP) based face recognition methods still irreplaceable. In this paper we propose a novel approach called BIRD (learning Binary and Illumination Robust Descriptor) for face representation, which nicely balances the three criteria: distinctiveness, robustness, and computationally inexpensive cost. We propose to learn discriminative and compact binary codes directly from six types of Pixel Difference Vectors (PDVs). For each type of binary codes, we cluster and pool these compact binary codes to obtain a histogram representation of each face image. Six global histograms derived from six types of learned compact binary codes are fused for the final face recognition. Experimental results on the CAS_PERL_R1 and LFW databases indicate the performance of our BIRD surpasses all previous binary based face recognition methods on the two evaluated datasets. More impressively, the proposed BIRD is shown to be highly robust to illumination changes, and produces 89.5% on the CAS_PEAL_R1 illumination subset, which, we believe, is so far the best reported results on this dataset. Our code is made available

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Pages: 1 - 12
Host publication: 30th British Machine Visison Conference : BMVC 2019. 9th-12th September 2019, Cardiff, UK
Conference: The British Machine Vision Conference
Type of Publication: D3 Professional conference proceedings
Field of Science: 113 Computer and information sciences
213 Electronic, automation and communications engineering, electronics
Funding: This work was supported by the Business Finland project (Grant No. 3116/31/2017) and Academy ICT 2023 project (Grant No. 313600).
Academy of Finland Grant Number: 313600
Detailed Information: 313600 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
Copyright information: © 2019. The copyright of this document resides with its authors. It may be distributed unchanged freely in print or electronic forms.