University of Oulu

Nieminen, M., Nissi, M., Hanni, M., Xia, Y. (2017) CHAPTER 5. Physical Properties of Cartilage by Relaxation Anisotropy. In: Xia, Yang & Momot, Konstantin (eds.) New developments in NMR, No. 8. Biophysics and Biochemistry of Cartilage by NMR and MRI, (pp. 145-175).

Physical properties of cartilage by relaxation anisotropy

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Author: Nieminen, Miika T.1,2,3; Nissi, Mikko J.2,3,4; Hanni, Matti1,2,3;
Organizations: 1Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland
2Research Unit of Medical Imaging, Physics and Technology, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
3Medical Research Center Oulu, University of Oulu and Oulu University Hospital
4Department of Applied Physics, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland
5Department of Physics, Oakland University, Rochester, MI, USA
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 1.9 MB)
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Royal Society of Chemistry, 2017
Publish Date: 2020-01-14


Articular cartilage exhibits complex structural and compositional anisotropy. The anisotropy and arrangement of the collagen network, concentration of proteoglycan aggregates and water content vary as functions of cartilage depth in healthy, adult cartilage. Furthermore, these tissue properties are altered in cartilage maturation and degeneration alike. Relaxation anisotropy occurs widely in cartilage tissue and manifests itself directly in different relaxation parameters. This chapter summarizes the association between anisotropic physical properties of cartilage and the most important relaxation parameters.

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Series: New developments in NMR
ISSN: 2044-253X
ISSN-L: 2044-253X
ISBN: 978-1-78262-905-4
ISBN Print: 978-1-78262-133-1
Issue: 8
Pages: 145 - 175
DOI: 10.1039/9781782623663-00145
Host publication: Biophysics and Biochemistry of Cartilage by NMR and MRI
Host publication editor: Xia, Yang
Momot, Konstantin
Type of Publication: A3 Book chapter
Field of Science: 114 Physical sciences
217 Medical engineering
3111 Biomedicine
Funding: Supports from Academy of Finland (grant 260321) and the National Institutes of Health USA (grant AR052353, for Xia) are gratefully acknowledged.
Academy of Finland Grant Number: 260321
Detailed Information: 260321 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
Copyright information: © 2017 They Royal Society of Chemistry. The final authenticated version is available online at: