University of Oulu

Tuure Tammi (2019) What if schools were lively more-than-human agencements all along? Troubling environmental education with moldschools, Environmental Education Research, DOI: 10.1080/13504622.2019.1584881

What if schools were lively more-than-human agencements all along? : troubling environmental education with moldschools

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Author: Tammi, Tuure1
Organizations: 1Faculty of Education, University of Oulu, Hämeenlinna, Finland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.5 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Informa, 2020
Publish Date: 2020-10-03


The recent more-than-human turn has increased interest in writing about relations between humans and other animals. In addition, scholars have called for a need to complement the animal turn with a turn to microbes. Microbes entangle all life in relations and participate in processes of living and dying, but thus far, they have been largely absent in environmental education research. This article attempts to think with microbes in environmental education by zooming into the phenomenon of ‘moldschools’ in Finland. Employing the concept of agencement, the article first explores how school buildings, toxic molds, and humans have effectuated each other and introduces the idea of indoor climate crisis. Then the article explores the complexity of everyday life in one moldschool, asking, how was the school becoming felt and practiced differently by children and teachers in relation to material-discursive mold. Finally, the article asks what moldschools might teach us or ask from us in terms of environmental education and ethics. The notion of schools as always already more-than-human agencements is offered to make space for hesitation and curiosity on various scales of connection.

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Series: Environmental education research
ISSN: 1350-4622
ISSN-E: 1469-5871
ISSN-L: 1350-4622
Volume: Early online
Issue: Early online
DOI: 10.1080/13504622.2019.1584881
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 516 Educational sciences
Funding: This research was supported by grants from Ella and Georg Ehrnrooth foundation, Emil Aaltonen foundation.
Copyright information: © 2019 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Environmental Education Research on 03 Apr 2019, available online: