University of Oulu

Guo, F., Svetov, S., Maier, W.D. et al. Geochemistry of komatiites and basalts in Archean greenstone belts of Russian Karelia with emphasis on platinum-group elements. Miner Deposita 55, 971–990 (2020).

Geochemistry of komatiites and basalts in Archean greenstone belts of Russian Karelia with emphasis on platinum-group elements

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Author: Guo, Fang-Fang1; Svetov, Sergei2; Maier, Wolfgang D.3;
Organizations: 1Oulu Mining School, Faculty of Technology, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 3000, FI-90014, Oulu, Finland
2Institute of Geology, Karelia Research Centre, Russian Academy of Sciences, Petrozavodsk, Karelia, Russia
3School of Earth and Ocean Sciences, Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 3.5 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Springer Nature, 2019
Publish Date: 2020-01-21


Archean komatiites form an important host rock for Ni-Cu sulfide deposits in the world. In this study, we examined Archean komatiites and komatiitic basalts from four areas in the Vedlozero-Segozero greenstone belt and two areas in the Tikshozero greenstone belt, Russian Karelia, to constrain their Ni-Cu sulfide mineralization potential using chalcophile element geochemistry. The platinum-group element (PGE) concentrations in these Munro-type komatiitic rocks are at a level of other similar S-undersaturated komatiites and komatiitic basalts globally, with Pt and Pd concentrations in the range of 5–20 ppb and Pd/Ir varying from < 10 (komatiites) to > 15 (komatiitic basalts and basalts). Generally, the metals of the iridium-group elements (IPGEs; Ir, Ru, Os) show a compatible behavior, decreasing in abundance with decreasing MgO, whereas the metals of the palladium group (PPGEs; Pt, Pd, Rh) exhibit an incompatible behavior. The poor correlation between Ir and MgO suggests that olivine fractional crystallization is not the main control on the behavior of IPGE. In contrast, Ir, Ru, and Os show positive correlations with Cr, which is consistent with the compatible behavior of IPGEs in chromite or during the co-precipitation of chromite and platinum-group minerals (PGMs). Palladium, Cu, and Au have been variably mobile during alteration and metamorphism whereas Pt appears to have been less mobile. Some samples from the Khizovaara area show low (Pt/Ti)N ratios, low Ni, and high La/Sm and La/Nb, suggesting localized sulfide saturation in response to crustal contamination. However, the potential of the Russian Karelian greenstone belts for Ni-Cu sulfide mineralization is considered relatively low because most samples show neither enrichment nor depletion of chalcophile elements, and the paucity of dynamic lava channel environments, as indicated by the scarcity of olivine-rich adcumulates. In addition, there appears to be a lack of exposed sulfidic sedimentary rocks in the region.

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Series: Mineralium deposita
ISSN: 0026-4598
ISSN-E: 1432-1866
ISSN-L: 0026-4598
Volume: 55
Pages: 971 - 990
DOI: 10.1007/s00126-019-00909-0
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 1171 Geosciences
Funding: Open access funding provided by University of Oulu including Oulu University Hospital. This study was supported by K.H. Renlund Foundation grants to FF. Guo and S.-H. Yang, a state project grant (No. AAAA-A18-118020290085-4) to S. Svetov and Z. Rybnikova, Academy of Finland grants (276614, 281859) to S.H. Yang and E. Hanski, and a scholarship from the Finnish graduate school of geology to FF. Guo.
Academy of Finland Grant Number: 276614
Detailed Information: 276614 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
281859 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
Copyright information: © The Author(s) 2019. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.