University of Oulu

Chivers, Tristram; Laitinen, Risto S. Fundamental chemistry of binary S,N and ternary S,N,O anions : analogues of sulfur oxides and N,O anions. Chem. Soc. Rev., 2017,46, 5182-5192.

Fundamental chemistry of binary S,N and ternary S,N,O anions : analogues of sulfur oxides and N,O anions

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Author: Chivers, Tristram1; Laitinen, Risto S.2
Organizations: 1Department of Chemistry, University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive NW, Calgary, Alberta, Canada T2N 1N4
2Laboratory of Inorganic Chemistry, Environmental and Chemical Engineering, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 3000, 90014 Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 2.5 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Royal Society of Chemistry, 2017
Publish Date: 2020-01-21


Binary S,N anions, e.g., NSN2− and SSNSS, and related ternary S,N,O anions such as the structural isomers NSO/SNO and SSNO are rarely mentioned in inorganic chemistry textbooks, despite the fact that their salts were synthesised and structurally characterised more than 30 years ago. These fundamentally important species and their conjugate acids, e.g. HNSO and HSNO, have been the focus of numerous investigations in recent years in view of their significance in disciplines as diverse as atmospheric chemistry and cell biology. This Tutorial Review provides a consolidated account of the fundamental chemistry including synthesis, spectroscopic characterisation, molecular and electronic structures, and properties of these intriguing species, and compares these aspects of their behaviour with those of isoelectronic sulfur oxides and N,O anions. A final section draws attention to the significance and applications of these simple S–N species in a broader context.

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Series: Chemical Society reviews
ISSN: 0306-0012
ISSN-E: 1460-4744
ISSN-L: 0306-0012
Volume: 46
Issue: 17
Pages: 5182 - 5192
DOI: 10.1039/C6CS00925E
Type of Publication: A2 Review article in a scientific journal
Field of Science: 116 Chemical sciences
Funding: Financial support from NSERC (Canada) and Academy of Finland is gratefully acknowledged.
Copyright information: ©The Royal Society of Chemistry 2017. The final authenticated version is available online at