University of Oulu

Majava, J., Rinkinen, S., Harmaakorpi, V. (2020) Business ecosystem perspective on innovation policy: a case study of San Diego life sciences. International Journal of Innovation and Learning, 27 (1), 19-36. doi:10.1504/IJIL.2020.103886

Business ecosystem perspective on innovation policy : a case study of San Diego life sciences

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Author: Majava, Jukka1; Rinkinen, Satu2; Harmaakorpi, Vesa2
Organizations: 1Industrial Engineering and Management, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 4610, FI-90014, Finland
2LUT Lahti, Lappeenranta University of Technology, Saimaankatu 11, FI-15140, Finland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.4 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Inderscience, 2020
Publish Date: 2020-11-27


This paper applies a business ecosystem perspective to analyse innovation policy. The research utilised a case study on San Diego, which is one of the top three life sciences ecosystems in the world. Unlike previous studies, this research is an analysis of the ecosystem’s evolution in each life-cycle phase—birth, expansion, leadership and self-renewal—and the key innovation policy measures related to these phases. The findings indicate that traditional policy measures must be reconsidered in the era of business ecosystems.

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Series: International journal of innovation and learning
ISSN: 1471-8197
ISSN-E: 1741-8089
ISSN-L: 1471-8197
Volume: 27
Issue: 1
Pages: 19 - 36
DOI: 10.1504/IJIL.2020.103886
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 222 Other engineering and technologies
Copyright information: © 2019 Inderscience Publishers. The final authenticated version is available online at