University of Oulu

Mikkonen, K, Merilainen, M, Tomietto, M. Empirical model of clinical learning environment and mentoring of culturally and linguistically diverse nursing students. J Clin Nurs. 2019; 29: 653– 661. https://doi.org/10.1111/jocn.15112

Empirical model of clinical learning environment and mentoring of culturally and linguistically diverse nursing students

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Author: Mikkonen, Kristina1; Merilainen, Merja1,2; Tomietto, Marco1,3
Organizations: 1Research Unit of Nursing Science and Health Management, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
2Medical Research Center (MRC) Oulu, Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland
3Hospital Administration Department, Azienda per l’Assistenza Sanitaria n.5 Friuli Occidentale, Pordenone, Italy
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: embargoed
Persistent link: http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe202002064705
Language: English
Published: John Wiley & Sons, 2020
Publish Date: 2021-01-07
Description:

Abstract

Aims and objectives: To develop and test an empirical model of clinical learning environment and mentoring of culturally and linguistically diverse nursing students.

Background: Clinical learning is an essential part of nursing education; nursing students are required to master clinical competences and build a professional identity during their education. The global mobility of nurses requires high proficiency in cultural adaptability as well as the successful integration of cultural diversity into the healthcare system on a national level.

Design: The research design was a quantitative cross‐sectional study. STROBE statement was used to enhance the quality and transparency of research.

Methods: Data were collected from eight universities during the 2015–2016. The analysis included data from 187 participants, collected using the CLES+T scale and CALDs. Instrument validity was tested with confirmatory factor analysis, while the hypotheses were tested with a structural equation model.

Results: Pedagogical atmosphere was shown to be positively related to cultural diversity (0.66), orientation into the clinical placement (0.54) and the role of the student (0.25), and all of these relationships were statistically significant. These dimensions—with the exception of the role of the student—also showed a significantly positive influence on the mentoring relationship (respectively, 0.32, 0.71, 0.18). Fit indexes demonstrate an adequate model's fit.

Conclusions: The model needs to be further piloted and tested in organisational structures of clinical practice of culturally and linguistically diverse nursing students. The dimensions that explain mentoring in clinical learning needed to be further addressed in a theoretically consistent and empirically driven approach, according to these findings.

Relevance to clinical practice: In our study, we found that environmental and relational aspects are the most important for building an effective clinical learning environment. Universities and healthcare organisations can jointly leverage the model to foster clinical learning environments in clinical practice.

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Series: Journal of clinical nursing
ISSN: 0962-1067
ISSN-E: 1365-2702
ISSN-L: 0962-1067
Volume: 29
Issue: 3-4
Pages: 653 - 661
DOI: 10.1111/jocn.15112
OADOI: https://oadoi.org/10.1111/jocn.15112
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 316 Nursing
Subjects:
Funding: Oulu University Scholarship Foundation
Copyright information: © 2019 John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Mikkonen, K, Merilainen, M, Tomietto, M. Empirical model of clinical learning environment and mentoring of culturally and linguistically diverse nursing students. J Clin Nurs. 2019; 29: 653– 661, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/jocn.15112. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.